UEFA Champions League Winners List and Short History

m88 given all this it is no surprise that the Champions League is considered the biggest and best club football competition in the world.

Champions League Winners List

Since the Champions League competition began in 1955 there have been 21 different clubs who have lifted the trophy. However, after Inter Milan and Bayern Munich defied bookies and reached the final last year anything could happen is this year’s Champions League!

. Only 12 teams have managed to win the competition more than once and the record for most wins is held by Real Madrid with a tally of 9. Both Valencia and Stade Reims have reached the Champions League final twice but lost on both occasions. It started out as a straight forward knockout football competition in 1955, in which only the club champions of each European country could enter.

What’s more, participating clubs also receive TV revenue on top of prize money which again is highly lucrative considering that the Champions League final is the most watched sporting event in the world with around 100 million global viewers. As ever Barcelona, Manchester United, Chelsea and Real Madrid have been ranked as favourites for the competition. In its current form the Champions League also allows more than national champions to enter with countries such as England and Spain having 4 teams qualify for the competition.

Champions League Prize Money and TV Ratings

The European cup is a highly lucrative competiton for football clubs in the modern era with Champions League prize money reaching up to EUR36.4 million for a championship winning campaign. In its modern form the Champions League has 3 stages; First there is the qualification stage for the clubs who do not qualify automatically, then when the main competition begins there is a group stage consisting of 8 groups of 4 teams. 2 teams qualify from each group through to the knockout stage of the Champions League. Even if a club lost every match in the group stage of the Champions League they would still walk away with EUR3.3 million.

Champions League MedalWhat is now known as the UEFA Champions League began life as the European Champions Club Cup and did not change its name to the Champions League until 1992. In terms of country wins the Champions League has been held the most in Italy, Spain and England with 12 titles for Spain and Italy and 11 titles for England.

The current Champions League champions are Inter Milan but the 2010/2011 competition is already underway and so it will not be long until there is a new title added to this list. Here is a list of all the Champions League winners:

Football Team – Times Won – Years WonReal Madrid – 9 titles – 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002AC Milan – 7 titles – 1963, 1969, 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007Liverpool FC – 5 titles – 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005Bayern Munich – 4 titles – 1974, 1975, 1976, 2001Ajax – 4 titles – 1971, 1972, 1973, 1995Barcelona – 3 titles – 1992, 2006, 2009Inter Milan – 3 titles – 1964, 1965, 2010Manchester United – 3 titles – 1968, 1999, 2008Benfica – 2 titles – 1961, 1962Juventus – 2 titles – 1985, 1996Nottingham Forest – 2 titles – 1979, 1980Porto – 2 titles – 1987, 2004Celtic – 1 title – 1967Hamburg – 1 title – 1983Steaua Bucuresti – 1 title – 1986Marseille – 1 title – 1993Feyenoord – 1 title – 1970Aston Villa – 1 title – 1982PSV Eindhoven – 1 title – 1988Red Star Belgrade – 1 title – 1991Borussia Dortmund – 1 title – 1997It can be seen that Real Madrid and AC Milan have been most prolific in the Champions League throughout history, but in the modern era Barcelona have dominated with 3 wins in the last 18 years

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Top 5 Soccer Stadiums In The World

m88 the bowl shaped arena was first built in 1957 and has been through at least two major changes in that time in order to keep pace with both demand, and expectations ofits’ supporters as the team on the pitch formed themselves into what in recent seasons been critically proclaimed as arguably the greatest club side that has ever played soccer.

Estadio do Maracana – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Originally built in 1923, the original Wembley Stadium – famous for its Twin Towers – was demolished in 2002 to be completely rebuilt into a modern national stadium that the England National Team would be proud of to call their home ground. Although this list includes the venue which holds the world record for highest attendance at a soccer match, as well as the current top 3 largest capacity stadium’s in Europe, it is not a deinitive collection of the current 5 largest, the 5 oldest, the 5 most expensive or even the 5 most picturesque in the world. Designed by world famous architect Sir Norman Foster, in keeping with style from the original construction’s focal point of it’s Twin Towers, the main centre piece of this creation is the 134 meter high steel arch, which stretchs a span of 317 meters over the length of the Stadium and is the worlds longest single span roof structure and which actually requires beacons to alert low flying aircraft.

L’Estadi Camp Nou – Barcelona, Spain

Here we look at possibly the 5 greatest soccer stadiums, in no specific order, that you will find anywhere in the world. This is a list of what is believed to be the 5 most awe-inspiring, illustrious and above all truly magnificent venue’s purely designed for ‘The Beautiful Game’.

Wembley Stadium – London, England

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Originally onstructed in 1947 under the original name of Nuevo Estadio Chamartin (New Chamartin Stadium) with a then a capacity of over 75,000. It was not until 1955 that the decision was taken to change its’ name to the current one in honour of Club President and the Project Manager of construction, Santiago Bernabeu Yeste. Do you agree with this list? I’d like to hear your thoughts and suggestions on what would make up your top 5 soccer stadiums. Please add you comment below to continue the debate!. This capacity has been reduced through renovations, and the record attendance for a matchto be held here is a staggering 120,000 people who squeezed inside the stadium to witness a match between the home side and Juventus of Italy on March 5th 1985. With the 2014 FIFA World Cup being held in Brazil next year, The Maracana is scheduled to host a number of matches, including once again the Final.

Stadio Giuseppe Meazza – Milan, ItalyMore commonly known as the San Siro, after the borough of the city in which it was constructed, with a capacity of 80,018 this is the joint home stadium to fierce Milan rivals AC Milan and Internazionale (or Inter Milan). With a current capacity of 85,454, Real Madrid’s home is the third largest stadium in Europe, behind Spanish rivals Barcelona’s Nou Camp and England’s Wembley, and is widely acclaimed as being one of the few true cathedral or coliseums of soccer. Home to this century’s most successful team, FC Barcelona, The Nou Camp has the highest capacity in Europe, with it being able to hold 99,786. After construction delays and legal wrangles, the ‘New’ Wembley was finally opened in March 2007 at a cost of over £750 million ($1,165 million) with a capacity of 90,000 spectators, which the is second largest stadium in Europe behind only Barcelona’s Nou Camp. The official (paid) attendance that day was 199,854 but the game’s actual attendance was believed to be around 210,000. The Santiago Bernebeu was used as the venue for the 1982 FIFA World Cup Final, between Italy and West Germany, and underwent a period of renovation to prepare it for this event.

Soccer – The World Game

Although not as popular in the US, soccer is the by far most popular, most watched, and most participated team sport in the world. Whether it simply be a kick about on the local park, or at a magnificient great stadium that is respected like a ‘Cathedral of Soccer’, wherever the game is being played, you will always find passion both on the pitch, and in the spectators watching.

The Maracana was built in 1950 in Brazil’s most famous city in order to be used as a venue for the 1950 FIFA World Cup. Along with probably every major stadium in the world, it has been renovated a number of times in order to modernise and to increase safety standards by removing terraced standing areas in favour of safer seated sections, and this has reduced its overall capacity to its current level of 78,854 spectators. However when it was originally constructed capacity was well over double this amount and it was whilst hosting the final of the 1950 tournament on July 16th 1950 between Brazil and Uruguay, that it set the current world record attendance for a football match. Originally open in 1926 as home to AC Milan, it was one of only two soccer stadiums at that time in Italy that was built without a running track surrounding the pitch, allowing the fans to be nearer the pitch. Then in 1947 Inter Milan moved to play their home matches at the San Siro and the two have shared the ground ever since, although Internazionale are currently looking into plans to build a specific 60,000 seater stadium of their own.  The stadium is famous for the bright red girders of the roof, and the concrete towers in each corner supporting it, which was installed along with the third tier of seating on just three sides (crating the unique part open side) in order to prepare the venue to host games at the 1990 FIFA World Cup held that year in Italy.Estadio Santiago Bernabeu – Madrid, Spain

Do you agree?

The debate between soccer fans over who has the best home stadium for a variety of reasons will go on for as long as the game itself is played

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Messi’s Fourth Ballon D’Or: Is Lionel Messi the Best Soccer Player Ever?

m88 just imagine what his trophy room(s) must look like.

Mikhail Turner, a featured columnist for BleacherReport.com,

listed 7 different reasons why the world should hail Messi as the best player ever. Maradona was 25 – Messi’s current age – when he led Argentina to glory in Mexico in 1986 with 5 goals of his own.. This latest accolade further cements his case as the best footballer (soccer for you Americans) in the world.

If we just examine his club statistics, there’s no question about his preeminence. Ever since he surpassed Muller’s record there’s been a lot of talk about whether he is the best ever to play the game. In fact, Pelé was just the schoolboy age of 17 when he scored six goals en route to the 1958 World Cup title. In terms of his other accomplishments though, he will not match up to Messi in the end, and Messi may just match his greatest international achievement.”

Messi’s 91 goals scored in 2012 is nothing short of astonishing. I admit that there are millions of devoted fans around the world who will proclaim just the opposite, that Messi is the best player ever and that no one, past or present, can match him.

Messi’s goal also sealed a 2-1 away win against a quality-laden Real Betis and gave Barcelona its 14th victory in 15 games to open the current La Liga season. Here’s one of them: “When you consider what Maradona did for his World Cup trophy, it has to be viewed very highly. That kick ensured Messi’s place among the elite in the sport.

It was only weeks ago that Messi received a clever back heel pass from teammate Andrés Iniesta. Simply put: Lionel Messi is a goal machine and any team would be blessed to have him.

First and foremost, he has yet to lead Argentina to a World Cup title, something Brazil’s Pelé and fellow countrymen Maradona did in their playing days. To say so – in my humble opinion – is a bit far-fetched. The striker has helped Barcelona to five La Liga titles (2005, 2006, 2009-2011); two Copa del Reys (2009, 2012); five Supercopas (2005, 2006, 2009-2011); three UEFA Champions League titles (2006, 2009, 2011); two UEFA Super Cups (2009, 2011)and two FIFA Club World Cups (2009, 2011). I know, it’s a lot to keep track of. The ball was perfectly positioned in front of the opposing team’s net, and without hesitation, the 25-year-old swung his powerful left foot, struck it, and placed it perfectly into the back of the net for his 23rd goal of the season.

But is he really the best player ever as some pundits have asked?

But that goal doesn’t even begin to tell the whole story.

As good as he is and as incredible as his numbers are, Messi still has a short way to go before he achieves the greatness of Pelé or Diego Maradona or Johann Cruyff, but he’s not far.

On Monday, Barcelona forward Lionel Messi – also known as “la pulga”, or the flea – won a record 4th consecutive Ballon d’Or trophy, an award given to the best players in the world. Oh, let’s not forget about the four straight Ballon d’Ors as well. The goal also vaulted Messi past the legendary player Gerd Muller, who owned the previous record for most goals (85) scored in a calendar year

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Cristiano Ronaldo surpasses De stefano?

m88 the real madrids in those years have been HIS real madrids, real madrids tailor-made to be dominated by him and to serve him and be led by and get the best from him.

the era of CR7-hegemony at real madrid have been some of its lightest trophy wise. had modric and alonso not held the team together in adversity last year, CR7 madrid woulda been left with just 2 meaningful titles in 5 years most likely, but instead ronaldo was eft scratching his head as to why sergio ramos was doing his fking job for him when it mattered and CR could not even muster an ounce of gratitude or relief.

he is a goal-poacher now who does not create enough, dictate play or beat a man.

. ohhh goody now the CR7 c0cksuckers can declare this a successful season

the truth is that the last 6/7 years have been CR7′s 6/7 years

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Manchester United’s Aon Deal Not Big Enough to Appease Bond Investors

m88 All Rights Reserved. The Aon deal was about 40 percent more than AIG paid for the same rights.

You’d think that Manchester United’s £80 million deal with Aon for the lead sponsor slot on its team shirts would have made the club rich. It’s unrated, so some investors can’t take it, and there’s a very busy new-issue calendar so there are plenty of alternatives. But no, just like last year — when it lost £21.4 million — the club is struggling to keep its financial head above water.

Man Utd. Here’s the reaction from investors:.

Bayern Munich: £25.5 million a year (through 2013) with Deutsche Telekom/T-Home

Liverpool: £20 million a year (£81 million over four years) with Standard Chartered

Manchester United: £20 million a year (£80 million over four years) with Aon

Real Madrid: £18.3 million a year (£55 million over three years) with Bwin.com

Juventus: £15 million a year (£75 million over five years) with Tamoil

Chelsea: £12.5 million a year (£37.5 million over three years) with Samsung

Manchester City: £8m a year (£24 million over three years) with Etihad Airways.

Arsenal: £6.7 million a year (£100 million over 15 years) with Emirates

Last Updated Jan 13, 2010 12:07 PM EST

With growth of just under 9 percent and margins of around 10 percent during a recession, you’d think that makes Man Utd a solid financial proposition. Most people just won’t focus on something with far too much leverage, limited free cash flow and lumpy earnings.

Jean-Luc Petit, BT Investment Management: “This looks like a fairly risky type of investment considering the amount of leverage the American owners have … also sold striker Cristiano Ronaldo to Real Madrid for £80 million, and BusinessWeek reports that Aon paid a £35.9 million advance on its contract. Still saddled by £608 million in debt from Malcolm Glazer’s 2005 buyout of the club, Man Utd is looking to raise £500 million in a sale of junk bonds. I don’t think mainstream bond fund managers would be that interested in investing in Manchester United.”

© 2010 CBS Interactive Inc.. But the club reported 2009 net income of just £25.6 million on revenues of £278.5 million. Those revenues inched up from last year’s £256.2 million take.

But Wall Street is unimpressed. More numbers here and here.

BNET’s Global Football Sponsorship Deal League:

Tatjana Greil Castro, Evolution Securities: “Most traditional high-yield investors won’t touch this ..

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Who is the Best soccer Player of all time? Pele, Lionel Messi, Cristiano Ronaldo, or Maradona? And why?

m88 playing in Europe would have sealed his status as the best ever. I would have to disagree with Scott.

I would like to believe Maradona was the best ever. However, he never played professionally outside of America. He is still the undisputed leading goal scorer of all time.

Messi could still steal the accolade if he can win the World Cup with Argentina. It was a shame.

Many people would swear it’s Pele, for obvious reasons. He completely dominated Mexico 86. And Maradona was a huge success in Europe with Barcelona and unfancied Napoli. Which I believe was the best World Cup tournament ever staged. He played in the golden generation of Brazilian football, and won 3 world Cup medals. The Ballon D’or was not awarded to non European players during Pele’s and Maradona’s era. . Napoli’s best years were with Maradona. And was successful with his club career with Santos. He singlehandedly won the World Cup with an average Argentinian squad

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Spurs bets go East; RESULT!

fun88 k The Londoners have also just signed a deal making Betfred their

official UK partner.


Copyright 2012 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

It does sound a bit like cheating, having one UK partner and one

Asian partner. “Why else?” I answered.

iabat Spurs and Fun88 hope inside the two-year agreement to launch

a new bespoke betting microsite and that’s not a bad idea – in two

years people might just know what it means.

. s e I

told a mate the other day that I once went to a casino in central Asia.

“Tibet?” he asked. What are the

odds on that? Spurs have announced Fun88 as the club’s official

Asian betting and gaming partner in a lucrative twoyear deal. But most British men have done the same thing.


No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

AT a time when most Premier League teams are signing players,

Tottenham have signed two deals with betting companies. l y e Football clubs are always looking at ways to gain a

slice of the massive Asian market, if only to access pirate DVDs. l g -The

agent for Emmanuel Adebayor (right) has already requested 10 per cent of

the deal

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Some Tips To Help You Win at Daily Fantasy Sports

m88 in those we simply need to be slightly above average to win consistently.

Don’t Fall in the Trap

There are two main types of contests players can participate in. That however can not be said of the 50/50 odds match-ups. That can either be going head to head against another randomly selected player or in a tournament with 50/50 odds where the top half of participants win. 50/50 contests are those which have 50/50 odds. That’s great if you don’t mind adding money to your account all the time. In Daily Fantasy Sports (or DFS) players put together a team and compete head to head or in large scale tournaments against other players online. 50/50 and Large Scale Tournaments. There are a few similar sites out there so do your research!

Most new players are attracted to the large scale high prize tournaments. That way assuming I picked an above average team the $20 will return $40. They might even get lucky and actually place in one of those tournaments once in a while. This will keep your bankroll stable and allow you to have all the fun of “lotto ticket” tournament play while minimizing the need to add cash to your account.

I’ve been an avid player for the past 4 years and have grown my bankroll and even pulled out funds (after tournament wins) on occasion. Much like buying lotto tickets the excitement of the possibility of winning tens of thousands of dollars in a single lineup entry is hard to resist. The key to long term success in daily fantasy sports is focusing on 50/50 odds entries. Remember that the rule of thumb is for each lineup 80-20% ratio of $ ‘s entered in 50/50 odds vs tournaments. Still over time entering low odds tournaments is a road to an empty bankroll. The other type are large scale tournaments with big prizes for the winners. The key is a disciplined betting strategy combined with research and a high level of knowledge in the sport you choose to play.

Do Your Research

. If I lose the tournament I’m still left with $35. Generally that means a 4 or 5 to one ratio of 50/50 to Tournaments. In simpler terms, for each lineup I come up with I’ll bet $20 on 50/50 odds and $5 in a low odds tournament. The odds of winning depends on what type of contests players choose to participate in.

One of the best sites for Daily Fantasy Advice, particularly dealing with Fantasy Football is Fantasyfootballadvisor.net . Realistically even someone that has very little fantasy football knowledge could simply construct lineups using their advice column. Typically these can be anything from 100 to 10,000 participants with prizes ranging from a few hundred dollars to a million or more.

What is Daily Fantasy Sports?

Since both types of contests are fun to play and I do love the excitement of large scale tournaments my system involves playing both types but spreading the bets around so that in essence the 50/50 entries pay for the tournament entries. All of the participants choose from the same player pool. If I happen to place in or win a tournament it could mean thousands or more.

Different Tournament Types:


The key to long term success in Daily Fantasy is finding the right balance of entries in the various contest types in any given week.

Daily Fantasy Sports is a new take on Fantasy that has been on the rise ever since the courts ruled Fantasy Sports betting to be a game of skill rather then “Gambling”. They provide weekly in-depth analysis and cheat sheets for Fanduel and Draftkings Daily Fantasy Football lineups. Let’s face it we all think we are great at whatever fantasy sport we like to play but the idea that it is possible to win tournaments that pay out the top 10% of scorers is about as likely as the odds of beating the stock market consistently

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Rory Anderson: 12Bet happy to be in Hull

12bet they are both very exciting leagues (Spain England). We are based and licensed in the Isle of Man, and the Gambling Supervision Commission here are very experienced and quite strict in terms of their licensing conditions. We also wanted a club that played attractive football and had the ability to beat anyone on their day. It’s all about the number of eyeballs.. 12BET is now more established as a brand and our sponsorship goals have become more ROI focused. Hull are an ambitious club that clearly wants to establish itself as a Premier League mainstay. This will be our fifth consecutive season where we will have had solid Premier League exposure. In terms of strict ROI these benefits are hard to value. So far I have not seen anything from the UKGC that has caused us major concern as most of the general rules and regulations are sensible and are in line with what we have in place in the Isle of Man already. We frequently give away tickets and signed shirts. Steve Bruce is clearly a strong manager.

SBC: What changes have you made to business regarding the UK’s point of consumption tax?

Anderson: We are currently going through the UK application process. However, I would say that, in general, kick off times in England and the fantastic distribution deals that have been done, help to make the viewing figures in the Premier League second to none. Player protection has always been the priority here.

12bet-roryanderson12Bet will be back on a Premier League team shirt this season after the Asian-facing bookmaker signed a deal to become Hull City’s new main sponsor. I think the squad he has built will surprise a few people this year.

SBC: You also taken shirt sponsorship in Spain previously – how different was that to the EPL in terms of ROI?

Anderson: The Sevilla deal was very important in terms of establishing ourselves in Europe. It was important to us to work with a club that had strong potential to retain Premiership status for the following season. We invited guests to Crystal Palace last year where we were Stadium Sponsors. It’s the most popular league in the world so we are delighted with the association. It’s perhaps unfair on Sevilla/La Liga to compare what we did then to what we are doing now in terms of strict ROI. It was a good brand building exercise and we gained fantastic exposure through the partnership. We do not have infinite resources, so price was clearly an issue. Our Twitter and Facebook work around the club’s fanbase is not about hard sell. It’s the Premier League that delivers the global viewing figures that makes such activity worthwhile. Our logo on the shirt, the perimeter advertising and the interview backdrops. We did not get much exposure from Wigan’s involvement in the Europa League last season and were more enthused by their domestic cup run.

SBC: First up – Why Hull City?

Anderson: There were a few Premier League clubs available in terms of shirt sponsorship for the upcoming season. The feedback we received from our partners was fantastic, so from a relationship building point of view, this activity worked. From a sponsor’s point of view, this is clearly very appealing. It’s more about goodwill.

SBC: Last year you were on Wigan’s shirt when they played in the Europa League and Hull will play in Europe this year – do you get any uptake from these excursions or is the value really in the EPL?

Anderson: For us, this sponsorship is all about the Premier League. 12Bet CEO Rory Anderson explains how the deal came about and what value it gives to the firm in terms of international exposure.

SBC: Aside from the shirt space, what else do you get from the deal? How do you value these extras?

Anderson: The primary driver for us was the TV facing branding elements of the deal. We were in talks with all of them. We also value being able to use the club’s logo and player imagery and aim to make good use of the hospitality tickets that we receive

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A dream come true: World’s most incredible bets

He’s got balls of steel when it comes to placing bets,” says Barry Orr, spokesman for Betfair, the world’s biggest online betting exchange.Now worth an estimated $1 billion, the 62-year-old property mogul and horse owner was a big player at this week’s Cheltenham Festival — one of the biggest betting events in the Britain. In the late 1980s a consortium of Sydney bookmakers joined forces to accept Packer’s awesome bets, which could be around $5 million on a single race.

But the bookmakers were rubbing their hands at Sydney’s Golden Slipper Stakes in 1987 when Packer lost around $7 million throughout the day — including $2 million on his own horse, called Christmas Tree — reported Melbourne newspaper The Age.

Dettori’s magnificent seven

Story highlightsLegendary billionaire gambler JP McManus big player at CheltenhamMore than $820m bet at four-day British horse racing festivalTop betting stories include stable boy turned millionaireLucky punter who won $1.5m on horse called A Dream Come True

For a legendary gambler who thinks nothing of betting a million dollars on one horse, Irish businessman JP McManus is by all accounts a surprisingly reserved man.

This time last year, 29-year-old Conor Murphy was a stable boy — until one lucky bet at Cheltenham changed his life forever.

It started with a horse called Isn’t That Lucky and ended with one called A Dream Come True, for one lucky punter from Yorkshire in Britain.

In 2008, the unnamed man placed just 75 cents on eight horses winning in an accumulator bet, said the BBC. By today’s standards, it’s roughly the equivalent of placing a $46 bet and getting $4,300 back.

He became the first person in Britain to win £1 million ($1.5 million) in a betting shop.

The Italian rider got the record-breaking day underway with a win on the aptly named three-year-old colt, Wall Street.

“The atmosphere in the winners’ enclosure was amazing,” Nick Smith, head of public relations at Ascot, told CNN.

“We actually had champagne for him after the sixth win, and then after the seventh the whole place just erupted.”

Australian media tycoon Kerry Packer wasn’t known as “The Big Fella” of gambling for nothing, famously halving betting odds in a matter of minutes with his million-dollar wagers.

A Dream Come True

From humble beginnings as a bookmaker, McManus earned a reputation as the fearless man on the track who would take on any wager — no matter how big.

“He’s an absolute legend.

Nicknamed the “Sundance Kid” for his bold gambling, McManus famously won $1.3 million in just one day at Cheltenham in 2006, in series of wagers with similarly daring bookmaker “Fearless” Freddie Williams.

As Cheltenham wraps up for another year on Friday, CNN’s Winning Post takes a look at five of the most incredible horse racing betting stories of all time.

Stable boy-turned-millionaire

Murphy placed the wager online three months before the race, giving him greater odds — and greater returns — than those betting on the day.

The huge windfall helped finance his lifelong ambition of working as a trainer in Louisville, home of the prestigious Kentucky Derby, he told British newspaper The Telegraph.

Against the odds

It’s become one of the fabled wins in horse racing history — and the elusive dream that lingers in the back of every punter’s mind.

It was a rare victory for the thoroughbred, who won just 10 of his 62 races.

But the bold gamble paid off and Yeats left the track £550,000 ($830,000) richer.

Five years later, Ascot erected a lifesize bronze statue of the jockey at the entrance of the famous racecourse, in honor of his historic wins.

The Irishman could have been accused of letting his heart rule his head when he bet $75 on all five of his boss’s horses winning.

But Murphy happily proved the skeptics wrong, scooping $1.5 million in an accumulator — a single bet which relies on all horses winning.

In 1996, jockey Frankie Dettori left bookmakers in tears after defying 25,000-1 odds of winning all seven races at Britain’s Ascot Festival.

Surprise winner Donerail pulled away at the last stretch, setting a new track record with a time of two minutes and four seconds, beating his nearest rival by half-a-length.

Described as the “Olympics of jumps racing,” more than $820 million is bet during the four-day festival, with many punters taking their lead from the almost-mythical McManus.

“McManus is a legendary figure because of how brave he is,” Ladbrokes bookmaker David Williams says. “He’s one of those faces that when he walks into a betting ring, everyone is wondering what he’s going to do.

“But you’d never believe he’s such a big, brazen better — he’s very polite, very unassuming, a real gentlemen.”

The biggest loser

Packer, who had an estimated fortune of $6.7 billion at the time of his death in 2005, was a legendary figure on the track who struggled to find individual bookmakers with enough money to take him on..

Despite the 2,000,000-1 odds, every horse won, granting the gambler a whopping $1.5 million windfall.

One lucky punter, Darren Yeats, placed a £59 ($89) accumulator bet on all of Dettori’s races — despite being warned off by his wife.

If ever there was an opportunity to step back in time and place a bet, it would surely be on the Kentucky Derby’s 1913 winner Donerail.

The three-year-old colt remains the highest odds winner in the history of the race, placed at 91-1, said the Kentucky Derby Museum.

One hundred years ago, those putting $2 on Donerail m88 casino would have collected $184.90 in winnings


NY AG opens inquiry into allegations of fantasy sports insider betting

He said the casino industry sees fantasy sports as a potential partner “to grow both of our businesses.”

The legal stance by Jason Robins of DraftKings that daily fantasy sports leagues are not a chance-based gamble has done nothing to tamp down what has become an intensifying national debate around the country.

Two major fantasy sports companies are under fire over allegations that amount to insider trading, the New York Times reported Monday night. Others suggest the sites could be a potential haven for money-laundering.

He didn’t say where that number came from and didn’t take questions after the moderated panel discussion to clarify, walking quickly out a side door as reporters asked questions. The mid-level content manager later won $350,000 at rival site FanDuel that same week, the Times reported.

“It’s really the same type of person who, on the game side, likes chess,” Robins said. “It isn’t that different from the stock market.”

On the question of money laundering, DraftKings referred questions to a statement from the Fantasy Sports Trade Association that said the sites have “instituted monitoring systems to identify and prevent fraudulent or suspicious transactions.”

Robins said fewer than 15 percent of the people using his site bet on sports the traditional way, either legally or illegally.

Signing up for a DraftKings account involves choosing a username, providing an email address, clicking a box that says the person is older than 18 or 19, depending on the state, and providing credit card information. An employee with one of the companies, DraftKings, admitted last week to inadvertently releasing data before the start of the third week of NFL games. Daily fantasy sports allows online players to pick a roster of point-earning players from various teams for a single day of competition and win money, in some cases $1 million.

In letters to DraftKings and FanDuel, obtained by CBS News, Schneiderman’s office asks both companies to identify the employee or employees who may responsible for insider trading. The NFL agrees with their legal stance.

The allegations, which amount to profiting from insider trading, have brought into question the practices of the fantasy sports industry. No other identification is sought.

Observers, though, believe that after spending hundreds of millions of dollars on advertising during football games, the spotlight on the daily fantasy sports industry may ultimately lead lawmakers and regulators to keep a closer watch.

Robins cites an exemption in a 2006 federal law for fantasy sports that he believes allow his site and others including FanDuel to offer contests that normally spanned an entire season down to a single day. And on Tuesday night, New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman announced his office was opening an inquiry into the allegations.

Meanwhile, a New Jersey congressman has asked for a hearing on the legal status of daily fantasy sports, the commissioner of the NCAA’s Southeastern Conference has barred daily fantasy site ads on the SEC Network, and the casino industry’s American Gaming Association is looking into the industry as part of a broader look at legalizing sports betting beyond a few states.

“Fantasy is real gambling,” said Dennis Drazin, chairman of New Jersey’s Monmouth Park Racetrack, during a panel discussion. He said his industry is much more likely to attract customers who play chess and the stock market than people who make bets at sports books.

Many in the highly regulated casino industry insist daily fantasy sports leagues are gambling sites, shouldn’t be treated any differently than traditional sports betting and, as a result, should be regulated. DraftKings spokeswoman Sabrina Macias said later that the number is based on internal research.

The debate was a hot topic of conversation at the Global Gaming Expo in Las Vegas.

Macias said the company takes a multi-layered approach to check age and identity.

“If it’s gray, our job is to make it black and white,” said Geoff Freeman, the association’s president and CEO.


A screen m88a grab from the Draft Kings fantasy sports web site.

Robins, though, implied there should be no confusing his operation for a casino’s. “A rose is a rose.”

The debate comes as the websites have flooded the airwaves with commercials in recent months touting how average fans became overnight millionaires by playing daily fantasy leagues. The CEO of the ubiquitous DraftKings website made no effort to get cozy as he sat in front of a crowd of casino executives at a trade show last week in Las Vegas.. The AG’s office says this is in initial inquiry designed to allow the companies to provide a quick reply, and includes the names of possible employees involved.

“This screams and cries out for regulation,” said sports betting law expert Dan Wallach during a different panel at the gambling conference, suggesting it could be a haven for money laundering.

The daily fantasy sports industry has gone to great lengths to distance itself from traditional sports wagering


Demand for Sports Betting by Fransis Rodrigues

For instance betting on the number of goal that each team will score or betting that a basketball player of one team will have more hits that another player of the opposing team.

The demand for different sports has resulted in increase in demand for Sports betting line all over the world. Sports’ betting is a general activity whereby you can predict sport results by betting on the outcome of any sporting event. . Lets take a glance on the different types

Sports betting enable sports fans to wager on various sports competitions including golf, basketball, hockey, soccer, horse racing and boxing. Though many bet on sports to make money there are many who bet just to add that excitement and anxiety to the sports activity.

Have you ever tried betting on the outcome of a sporting event? Sports are a great source of entertainment for people of all ages. · Future Wagers: These types are wagers are predicted for the future activity of any sports. No matter which is your favorite sport game the excitement and the anxiety that it creates is just difficult to express.

There are different types of sports bet available for a sports gambler. This form of betting rewards successful bettors with a large payout.

· Run line, puck line or goal line bets: These are fixed point-spread bets that offer higher payouts for the favorite and a lower one for the underdog.

Types of Bet

Different sport fans have interest in different types of sports activity and increase their wagering amount when the specific sports activity are going on. The demand for different sports in different seasons varies the betting volume of sports book throughout the year.

· Parlays: Parlay form of betting enables sport fans to have multiple bets on a sport activity. Many sports fans believe that sports betting increases the m88 excitement of the game, which thereby benefits the leagues, teams and players. For instance a certain NFL team will win the Super bowl for the upcoming season.

· Proposition Bets: This is an interesting type of sport bet whereby wagers are made on a very specific outcome of a match


Cantor Gaming Announces In-Running Wagering for The NFL Season

Full Game Money Line

Full Game Point Line

Full Game Total, Over/Under

First Half Money Line

First Half Point Line

First Half Total Over/Under

Mr. In-Running betting allows wagering on live sporting events throughout

the event.

“The addition of “In-Running” is certainly going to enhance our sports

book offering and be a huge hit with the many sports aficionados who

spend time at our properties,” said Robert Goldstein, president of both

The Venetian and Palazzo Las Vegas. We opened the action with the NCAA March Madness Basketball

Tournament, continued throughout the NBA Playoffs, horse racing’s Triple

Crown, and currently offer selected Major League Baseball games. In

addition to NFL games, In-Running will be available for select NCAA

football games this season.

Mr. “We are constantly looking for

opportunities to add new and exciting amenities to our overall guest

experience and this is the type of “only in Las Vegas” concept that

helps differentiate The Venetian and Palazzo from other properties on

the Strip, and also demonstrates the true uniqueness of Las Vegas and

why there is no city in America quite like it.”

About Cantor Gaming

. With In-Running, customers can place bets during the

game, so fans can have a stake in the action all the way through the

event,” said Lee Amaitis, President and CEO of Cantor Gaming.

Cantor Gaming is fun88 mobile an affiliate of global financial services provider

Cantor Fitzgerald, which has over 60 years of experience and

unparalleled expertise of highly secure real-time financial transaction

processing, management, and execution. In-Running betting allows

wagering on live sporting events throughout the event. Amaitis added, “In-Running is hugely successful at the M’s Race &

Sports Book. Cantor Gaming offers mobile

solutions to the gaming industry as well as developers of proprietary

casino games including XtraOdds Baccarat(TM) and Bonus Roulette(TM). The NFL

season is immensely popular with sports betters and we’re excited to

extend our product offerings to The Venetian and Palazzo.”

The current drive will yield a first down.

The current drive will result in a punt, field goal, touchdown, or an


Twenty or more yards will be gained on the next play.

Any field goal attempt will be made or missed.

Through Cantor Gaming’s In-Running, wagers also will be accepted on


LAS VEGAS–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Cantor Gaming, an affiliate of the global financial services firm Cantor

Fitzgerald, today announced that its extremely popular “In-Running”

sports betting product will be available at The Venetian, Palazzo and

the M Resort Spa Casino in Las Vegas for the 2009 NFL season, beginning

with Tennessee at Pittsburgh on September 10. Cantor is

the first company licensed as a manufacturer, distributor, and operator

of a mobile gaming system by the state of Nevada and remains the world

leader. Cantor was also the first company to introduce in-running

wagering in Las Vegas, at the M Resort Spa & Casino’s Race and Sports

Book. Amaitis said the bets that will be offered through In-Running are:

For more information, visit www.cantorgaming.com

“In-Running is particularly well suited for football because of the

popularity of the game and the huge number of football fans interested

in sports betting



Sports can be competitive or non-competitive according to the type. Basketballs are played in two levels, Pro Basketball and College Basketball. Numerous websites like Pdssports.com and bettingexpert.com offers pro basketball predictions and college basketball predictions online for supporters over the internet. People in Canada play Ice hockey and skiing is popular in Switzerland. Both are equally popular among fans and supporters and they love to predict on top expert pro basketball picks and on college basketball predictions. Not only Basketball but also Baseball and American football predictions and picks are available in these sites at affordable rates for every pocket.

Basketball is commonly popular around countries like US and Japan and parts of Eastern Europe and Australia as well.  Basketball has gained so much popularity with its collegial sports like baseball and rugby football that people of those countries love to bet and predict the fixtures using a number of basketball software. One of such regional and domestic sport is Basketball.. Players compete against themselves as a team or as individuals. However, Olympics are also a third kind which takes place simultaneously and are equally popular. Competitive sports are the common one’s nowadays. Sports can be defined as any physical or mental exercise which brings about mental refreshment and/or physical fitness or both. Sports have developed into an utterly great deal from the Matador in Rome to Bullfighting in Texas today.

Sports betting systems and strategies are also given as relevant modules over these sites for the beginners. Basketball software or Handicapping Software are also available which provides the possible game predictions as well as power ratings, line efficiency ratings, consistency, offensive, defensive, performance and value ratings.

Sports have been an important part of our life from the dawn of mankind. Along with these several countries have their own unique agenda towards sports. These sports have been practiced in other countries as well because of the found required conditions for the sports. Popular sports of the globe is Football, Cricket as World Championships of both these takes place in every four years. The sites provides near accurate analysis and intelligence about the future games to be played. The players who practice basket are fairly taller than m88 link being found in any other type of sport. Basketball consists of two teams with six players trying to put a ball into opponent’s basket. Expert pro basketball picks and college basketball picks are available at cheap and affordable packages on these sites which have been suitably given through enumerating a number of previous games databases and analysis


What They Are, How to Read Them and What to Do With Them by Ed Bagley

36 after steamrolling over UAB 55-18 in its home opener.

While betting on sports is only legal in a few places in the United States, such as Las Vegas, millions of office workers are involved in sports pools every week now that the football season has arrived.

6) Temple (ranked No. 38 following its upset of mighty Michigan 34-32 on Michigan’s home field. 40 by Sagarin.

2) Michigan State, another short end of the stick team for far too long, was rated No. Ursinus is not a planet but a real liberal arts college in Pennsylvania.

A diminishing-returns principle exists to prevent teams from building up ratings by running up large victory margins against weak teams. Following its horrendous loss, Michigan ended up being ranked No. 174 (56 AA teams are rated better), and their play reflects their rating. When you know that more than $700 million can be bet on one game–the Super Bowl–in only Las Vegas, then you understand that billions were bet illegally on the Super Bowl last year in the United States and in offshore sports books around the world.

3) Appalachian State, a AA school, was rated No. Instead, it rewards teams that do well against good opponents.

The first job for La Salle this year will be to score a touchdown, or any points, including a field goal or touchback. The Explorers next job will be to actually win a game. The win was the biggest upset in college football history as no AA team had ever beaten a ranked team.

5) Notre Dame, beaten badly (33-3) by Georgia Tech, was rated No. The home edge will vary during the season.

The BCS (Bowl Championship Series) does not factor in scoring margin. 242 La Salle Explorers. La Salle is a Catholic university located in Philadelphia.

Folks in the gaming business know that more than a billion dollars is wagered on every Monday Night Football game during the season.

Following the first week of college football action, here are some facts that interested me about Sagarin’s first-week ratings:

1) Washington, one of the poor to mediocre teams in the country the last several years, was rated No. 2. 143 after its opening loss) and Buffalo (ranked No. For Sagarin ratings and more detailed information go to: www.usatoday.com

Only Division I (both A and AA) are counted for rating and schedule strength during the season.

Created by Jeff Sagarin, a 1970 MIT mathematics graduate, these computer ratings are for Division I-A (what the NCAA now calls the Football Bowl (FB) Subdivision) and Division I-AA (what the NCAA now calls the Football Championship (FC) Subdivision) teams.

7) A total of 242 teams, 119 A schools and 123 AA schools, make up the Sagarin College Football Ratings. Good luck, La Salle, and God speed.

USA Today, the largest circulation newspaper in the United States, is the nation’s daily newspaper and carries the Sagarin College Football Ratings. Now you can better understand why La Salle College is ranked last among 242 Division I schools.

Michigan was ranked No. 31 after hammering Syracuse 42-14 in its home opener.

The Sagarin College Football Ratings: What They Are, How to Read Them and What to Do With Them

 by: Ed Bagley

For those who wager, it may be helpful to put some science on your side when you wager, and one of the best places to do that is with the Sagarin College Football Ratings.

You will have to forgive the NCAA for taking titles that have been used for years and are perfectly clear, then renaming them and creating confusion in the process.

Copyright © 2007 Ed Bagley

Anyway, the Sagarin rating is a numerical measure of a team’s strength. . Both teams are among the 7 worst Division I-A teams in the country, joining Louisiana-Monroe, Rice, Duke, Utah State and Florida International.

A hypothetical victory margin is determined by comparing the rating of the two teams after adding 2.93 points to the home team. The worst-rated A school is Florida International at No. The worst-rated AA school is the No. 145 after its opening loss) face off in week two. The ratings are updated following each week’s games and published in USA Today on Wednesdays.

4) Wyoming, a small school and never among the nation’s top teams, was ranked No. 41 by Sagarin following its 23-3 home victory over Virginia.

If there is a way for the NCAA to assert its superior power, it does so by making everything more difficult and confusing, similar to your United States government and its IRS tax code which could reduce a sane person to tears just reading it.

Ursinus College is not a Division 1 school (which includes the 242 teams with La Salle), not a Division II team (which includes another 157 teams), but a Division III team. 5 by both the AP Poll and Coaches Poll going into the game. 57 after the loss. Georgia Tech was rated No. The Irish failed to score a touchdown for the first time ever in their home opener.

La Salle lost its home opener to Ursinus 28-0

Don’t Be a Square: 10 Tips for Betting on Football

While these tips don’t guarantee you’re going to win, hopefully they can make you a little less square and a little more sharp in your picks this season. “The key to proper money management is to be sure not to bet more than you can afford to lose.”

So, how much should you bet a game?

“In an average season, fewer than one bettor in twelve turns a profit,” Gordon says. Chasing losses is the fastest way to the poor house.”

However, Konik adds that there are some bettors who actually know how to beat the bookies. Avoid Chasing Bets – “Don’t do it! There is no worse way to mismanage your bankroll than to chase your bets after a losing day,” cautions Moseman on the dangerous practice of trying to immediately win back your losses.

8. “Teams play inspired ball at home. The only touts bettors should consider are the ones who talk about the long haul and realistic winning percentages, which are in the upper 50 percent to lower 60 percent range.”

Newspapers and popular sports sites routinely publish the lines or point spreads for games, and football insiders offer their picks to viewers each week on ESPN and other cable networks. Avoid Exotic Bets – “For very skilled handicappers, with a proven track record, there can, at least in theory, be value in betting parlays,” says Gordon on the type of bet that combines two or more individual wagers.

“A square is the average, unsophisticated gambler whose decision making is based on hunches, media manipulation, or spurious systems that cannot overcome the bookmaker’s inherent mathematical advantage,” Konik explains. If you like an underdog, it is best to get your bet in as late as possible, where there is heavy action from squares on favorites.

But that doesn’t mean you have to bet like a “square” and throw away your hard-earned money.

2. These books change their numbers according to the betting patterns of their customers, so it is not entirely uncommon to find two or three point differences in the lines.”


Betting on football games; whether it’s through a local bookie, an offshore Internet site or a Nevada casino (still the only legal place in America to make football bets), most of us have done it or know of someone who has. Focus on Conferences – “The best way to win money betting football is to develop a niche and follow it closely,” Moseman advises. “In the NFL, a game will often be totally turned around by one or two plays, or even a single penalty. “There will be more discrepancy in the numbers at different sports books. “If you listen to their advice, you are sure to lose. The payout is just the same as far as he is concerned. To be a successful sports bettor you need to operate with a clear mind.”

So, is it possible for the average square to become a little sharper in making football bets this season? According to professionals like Vacarro, Konik and Gordon, amateur bettors have the best chance to win if they demonstrate a little patience and follow the 10 basic tips below. Research Football Services – “Most sports services realize that most people who sign up with them are insecure,” Gordon warns.

“A sharp or smart has a plan of what he wants to do,” says Vaccaro, the director of sports operations and public relations at Lucky’s Race and Sports Book in Las Vegas. But, when you’re struggling, that’s when you want to reduce your bet size until you get out of your slump. Also, being “in action” can make a dull late-afternoon game (Buffalo vs. On college you will be able to find different lines at different sports books. “Most people prefer to bet on the ‘better’ team, the one that will probably win the game.

And where does all that money go?

“There is probably no better bet in sports than playing an underdog at home,” Moseman says. He loses year after year, according to Dan Gordon, a top football handicapper and author of How to Beat the Sports Books (Cardoza Publishing 2005). Consider Underdogs – “In the long-run, it’s easier to win betting on the underdog,” Konik says. “Over the course of several seasons, the percentage of bettors who turn a profit is minuscule.”

7. So underdogs tend to be slightly undervalued – except by the sharps.”

“Most people with an understanding of football gambling bet between 3 percent and 5 percent of their bankroll, increasing when they win and reducing when they lose,” Vaccaro says. Shop For Numbers – “Another important aspect of betting on football is shopping for the best number,” Moseman explains. If you are going to go with a favorite, it is best to place your bet early in the week when the sharps are laying heavy money on the points. Oakland comes to mind) seem like the Super Bowl. If North Texas is his best bet on a Saturday then that is his bet. There is a wealth of information on the Internet; it is just up to you to find it and research it daily.”

4. “Squares usually bet later in the week and they tend to pick the favorites. Bet at the Right Time – “The sharp bettors tend to bet underdogs, and they tend to bet them early,” Moseman says. Giving 11 to 10 odds is almost always the cheapest price you can give.”

Another difference between squares and sharps is how they approach betting on game day.

“The standard bet requires gamblers to lay $11 for every $10 they want to win with the extra $1 or 10 percent known as the juice,” Konik says.


“The bookies fear and despise a tiny coterie of professional bettors known as ‘the sharps,’” Konik says. “In trying to bamboozle potential customers, many services make claims about having scouts all over the country that give them inside information and promise 70 or even 80 percent winners, as if the bookmakers were the biggest suckers in the world. He is not taken in by being involved in USC-Notre Dame just because it is the biggest watched game of the day. “For example, if you have a $1,000 bankroll for the season, you should generally bet no more than $50 a game.” .

And remember, in the immortal words of “Fast” Eddie Felson, “Money won is twice as sweet as money earned.”

Also, it’s probably a good idea to disregard advice from the myriad of ex-players and football experts you see on television each week.

Ted Sevransky, a well-known Las Vegas gambler and sports consultant with Sportsmemo.com, agrees.

“The talking heads on TV know nothing about sports betting,” says Sevransky. Not all games work according to this formula, but it is usually a good rule of thumb.”

3. Otherwise, you’re better off doing your own research.”

Even Hollywood is not immune – think Two for the Money with Al Pacino and Matthew McConaughey.

Moseman agrees and especially likes home underdogs. They use powerful computers that can process millions of bits of data and produce a more accurate point-spread line than the bookmakers.”

Certainly not back into the pockets of the average bettor. Money Management – “This is without a doubt the most important aspect of betting on sports and possibly the most neglected,” says Morey “Doc” Moseman, a professional gambler and sports consultant with DocSports.com for nearly 40 years. The NFL, for example, will have very similar numbers at most of the betting shops you visit. “As for me, the best bet in football is betting the point spread or over/under totals on individual games. “When you’re in a good rhythm and winning, you want to increase your bets. Locks Don’t Exist – “Anyone who has watched sports for about a month realizes that the difference between winning and losing, especially against the spread, can be infinitesimally small,” Gordon says. “Because alcohol clouds your judgment and usually helps you to make rash decisions you usually wouldn’t otherwise make. If you want advice about sports betting, find someone who has a successful track record.

10. In fact, sports bettors must pick 52.4 percent winners just to break even.”

But even though the math says it’s virtually impossible to win on a consistent basis, Americans continue to bet on football.

Michael Konik, a sports writer and best-selling author of The Smart Money (Simon & Schuster 2006), explains why it is so hard for the recreational gambler to win at betting on football. Slim underdogs regularly win outright. “Common wisdom says that over the course of a long football season the average man or woman will pick approximately 50 percent winners. Thanks to the juice, the only one who profits in this scenario is the bookmaker. “If you become an expert on a smaller conference like the WAC, you have a good chance to beat the house because sports book operators do not have the time or resources to follow this conference the way you can. “The sharps are usually members of a betting syndicate privy to the most up-to-date information on injuries, weather, game plans, and, most important, the real power of the teams involved. The only locks that exist are those that need keys to open them.”

5. “He is not jaded by teams and does not bet with his heart. And why not? We have unconditional love for the sport and betting $50 or $100 on a game adds an extra rush of adrenaline. There are almost an infinite number of scenarios that can happen in a single football game. Big underdogs often find ways to cover the spread and they rarely give up toward the end of a game in front of the home crowd.”

“The biggest mistake that amateur bettors make is they increase their bets when they are losing,” Sevransky says.


Although exact figures are impossible to calculate, according to Jimmy Vaccaro, widely considered to be Las Vegas’ most influential bookmaker, Americans probably wager more than $50 billion a year on NFL and college football combined. Drinking and Gambling Don’t Mix – “There is a reason the casinos in Las Vegas supply you with free drinks while you are gambling,” Moseman says. “Thus, the bookies love and cherish the squares.”

So, how much are we gambling each football season?

“A square or recreational player might have a vague plan, but after two Corona’s he will definitely run to the window and make a hasty decision on the USC-Notre Dame game because he wants to be involved in the party atmosphere,” Vaccaro says

Entries in long-hidden notebook show Pete Rose bet on baseball as player

It’s impossible to count the exact number of times he bet on baseball games because not every day’s entries are legible.

On Oct. So Barney and Flynn, posing as a couple looking for a home, called a real estate agent and were given a guided tour of Bertolini’s house. The largest single bet was $5,500 on the Boston Celtics, a bet he lost.

Bertolini offered his take on the raid during his sentencing hearing in U.S. “This is the final piece of the puzzle on a New York betting operation with organized crime. The U.S. That came during his worst week of the four-month span, when he lost $25,500.

Outside the Lines tracked down two of the postal inspectors who conducted the raid on Bertolini’s home in 1989 and asked them to review the documents. For 26 years, the notebook has remained under court-ordered seal and is currently stored in the National Archives’ New York office, where officials have declined requests to release it publicly.

“He wasn’t forthcoming with much information,” she said, “but he did acknowledge to me it was records of bets he made for Pete Rose.”

Last year, Outside the Lines again applied unsuccessfully for access to the notebook but learned it had been transferred to the National Archives under a civil action titled “United States v. It’s another device by Pete to try to excuse what he did,” Dowd said. Postal Inspection Service in October 1989, nearly two months after Rose was declared permanently ineligible by Major League Baseball. Dowd and his team had sworn testimony from bookie Ron Peters that Rose bet on the Reds from 1984 through 1986, but not written documentation. To be sure, I’m eager to sit down with [MLB commissioner Rob] Manfred to address my entire history — the good and the bad — and my long personal journey since baseball. Under MLB Rule 21, “Any player, umpire, or club or league official or employee, who shall bet any sum whatsoever upon any baseball game in connection with which the bettor has a duty to perform shall be declared permanently ineligible.”

“This does it. The postal inspector’s office in Brooklyn, New York, had received a complaint that a man in Staten Island had failed to return goods to paying customers that he was supposed to have autographed. Therefore at this point, it’s not appropriate to comment on any specifics.” Bertolini’s lawyer, Nicholas De Feis, said his client is “not interested in speaking to anyone about these issues.”

“It was a mere ‘failure to render [services]‘ complaint,” said Barney, who is now retired. And, of course, [Rose] betting while he was a player.”

o Rose bet heavily on college and professional basketball, losing $15,400 on one day in March. Dowd recently met with MLB CIO and executive vice president of administration John McHale Jr., who is leading Manfred’s review of Rose’s reinstatement request, to walk McHale through his investigation. District Court in Brooklyn six years later (he served 14 months for tax fraud and a concurrent assault sentence):

Dowd, who reviewed the documents at Outside the Lines’ request, said his investigators had tried but failed to obtain Bertolini’s records, believing they would be the final piece in their case that Rose was betting with mob-connected bookmakers in New York. There was a for sale sign out front, the agent told him. The man’s name was Michael Bertolini, and the business he ran out of his home was called Hit King Marketing Inc.

Rose, through his lawyer, Raymond Genco, issued a statement: “Since we submitted the application earlier this year, we committed to MLB that we would not comment on specific matters relating to reinstatement. [The mob] had a mortgage on Pete while he was a player and manager.”

Dowd said he wished he’d had the Bertolini notebook in 1989, but he didn’t need it to justify Rose’s banishment. “It reeked of fraud,” Barney said.

“I wish I had been able to use it [the book] all those years he was denying he bet on baseball,” said Flynn, the former postal inspector. “But when he bet, he was gone. And that is a very powerful problem,” Dowd said. The documents go beyond the evidence presented in the 1989 Dowd report that led to Rose’s banishment and provide the first written record that Rose bet while he was still on the field.

“The rule says, if you bet, it doesn’t say for or against. But one item stood out: In a box of papers in the basement, Barney said, was a spiral notebook filled with handwritten entries.

In April, Outside the Lines examined the Bertolini memorabilia kept in the National Archives’ New York office, but the betting book — held apart from everything else — was off-limits. “[Ohio bookie] Ron Peters is a golf pro, so he’s got other occupations. Dowd also had testimony and a recorded phone conversation between Bertolini and another Rose associate, Paul Janszen, that established that Bertolini had placed bets for Rose. That meeting likely will come sometime after the All-Star break. One Executive Tools Spiral Notebook.” Two small boxes of other items confiscated in the postal raid on Bertolini’s house went too, including autographed baseballs and baseball cards.

Flynn, who said her first reaction was “Holy mackerel,” said they asked Bertolini about the notebook.. “I was taken aback.”

o Most bets, regardless of sport, were about $2,000. He placed his financial interest ahead of the Reds, period.”

To Dowd, one of the most compelling elements of the newly uncovered evidence is that it supports the charge that Rose was betting with mob-connected bookies through Bertolini. On Monday morning, MLB officials declined to comment about the notebook.

o In the time covered in the notebook, from March through July, Rose bet on at least one MLB team on 30 different days. Attorney’s Office seeking access to the book. All were denied on the grounds that the notebook had been introduced as a grand jury exhibit and contained information “concerning third parties who were not of investigative interest.”

When the case began, it didn’t look particularly enticing, Barney said. They provide a vivid snapshot of how extensive Rose’s betting life was in 1986:

Although the 1989 raid on Bertolini’s house received immediate news coverage, nothing about a betting book became public for five years. “It was such a mess. After Bertolini pleaded guilty and received a federal prison sentence, Sports Illustrated, The New York Times, ESPN and other news organizations filed freedom of information requests with the U.S. But the boys in New York are about breaking arms and knees.

If the accusation was true, it would constitute mail fraud, but the agents had no probable cause to search Bertolini’s house.

The documents obtained by Outside the Lines, which reflect betting records from March through July 1986, show no evidence that Rose, who was a player-manager in 1986, bet against his team. Both agents, former supervisor Craig Barney and former inspector Mary Flynn, said the records were indeed copies of the notebook they seized.

The timing for Rose, who played in 72 games in 1986, isn’t great. “We didn’t know anything about Bertolini or his connection [to Rose].”

For 26 years, Pete Rose has kept to one story: He never bet on baseball while he was a player.

But new documents obtained by Outside the Lines indicate Rose bet extensively on baseball — and on the  Cincinnati Reds – as he racked up the last hits of a record-smashing career in 1986. They took any records I had whatsoever, and they took different personal belongings and memorabilia from my home.”

It was immediately clear that the many notations of “PETE” in the pages represented Pete Rose.

Bats, balls, books and papers were scattered all over. There was stuff everywhere,” Barney said.

In April, Rose repeated his denial, this time on Michael Kay’s ESPN New York 98.7 FM radio show, that he bet on baseball while he was a player. I need to maintain that. That gave them probable cause to seek a search warrant.

Yes, he admitted in 2004, after almost 15 years of denials, he had placed bets on baseball, but he insisted it was only as a manager.

“The implications for baseball are terrible. “He’s a liar.”

The documents are copies of pages from a notebook seized from the home of former Rose associate Michael Bertolini during a raid by the U.S. This closes the door,” said John Dowd, the former federal prosecutor who led MLB’s investigation.

o But on 21 of the days it’s clear he bet on baseball, he gambled on the Reds, including on games in which he played.

Barney sent an agent to drive by the address. We tried to get them. Attorney’s Office internal memorandum from 2000 that requested the spiral notebook’s transfer said Bertolini’s closed file has “sufficient historical or other value to warrant its continued preservation by the United States Government.” The memorandum listed among its attachments a copy of the notebook, but a copy of the memorandum provided by the National Archives had no attachments and had a section redacted.

The two inspectors spotted an item that a complainant said had not been returned. But Dowd never had the kind of documents that could cement that part of his case, especially in the eyes of fans who wanted to see Rose returned to Major League Baseball.

“I got a call at the place where I was working at the time from my brother, and he says, ‘You should come home.’ He said, ‘There’s a bunch of government people here, and they’re here for you.’ At the time, I think it was Mary Flynn of the postal inspector’s office who got on the phone and said, ‘We’re here,’ and she told me why and so forth. In March of this year, he applied to Manfred for reinstatement. “Never bet as a player: That’s a fact,” he said.

But Rose’s supporters have based part of their case for his reinstatement on his claim that he never bet while he was a player or against his team, saying that sins he committed as a manager shouldn’t diminish what he did as a player.

Freelance researcher Liam Quinn contributed to this report. Their authenticity has been verified by two people who took part in the raid, which was part of a mail fraud investigation and unrelated to gambling. Dowd’s investigation had established that Rose was hundreds of thousands of dollars in debt at the time he was banished from the game.

“There were numbers and dates and — it was a book for sports betting,” Barney said. He refused to give them to us,” Dowd said.

“We knew that [Bertolini] recorded the bets, and that he bet himself, but we never had his records.

“Bertolini nails down the connection to organized crime on Long Island and New York. It looked to them as if Bertolini had been signing memorabilia with the forged names of some of the most famous baseball players in history: Willie Mays, Hank Aaron, Duke Snider, Mike Schmidt and Pete Rose. 13, a few days after the undercover house tour and after obtaining a search warrant, they searched Bertolini’s home and found evidence that would lead to numerous convictions

What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Drop Out?

Public Agenda for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, December 2009.” August 22, 2012.

See: Barack Obama Speech on Student Loans

Hawley,Kristen. January 5, 2014.

Webmaster, The College Student with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) , July 15, 2005 in SAC, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee. A correlation of r = 0 means there is no link. They say, “To succeed, students need to have good reasons for taking a given course and for being in school. Alcohol poisoning by Mayo Clinic Staff.

Esra CEYHAN, A. 2 Pages 167-186 Copyright © 1990 Association for the Study of Higher Education All Rights Reserved. “Students from a low income household have a harder chance of succeeding in college,” according to Harry Harrison in the article titled Getting Students from Low Income Households into College. As Grace Fleming states in the article titled Teens and Sleep Deprivation, Making Time for Sleep and Homework, “A more recent study shows that sacrificing sleep to study actually does more harm than good. “A young black student at a Texas community college, identified only as James, told the interviewer in August 2009 that he was pumped up about college because he was ‘all about learning new things.’ In subsequent interviews over the next few months, however, his demeanor became more subdued, and by November, he was visibly slumping, his face partially obscured by his orange hoodie. January 29, 2014.

Blai, Boris, Jr. Murray, Carol Mertens, E Richard Dustin of the University of Iowa, “Student Self-Esteem and the School System: Perceptions and Implications” May and June 1996. 2011.

CLAPS. The think tank uses these professor ratings when it compiles its annual college rankings for Forbes.

See. May 10, 2014.

What is Intelligence and How is it Measured by Hsin-Yi Cohen BSc, MA, MSt.26 February. “10 Signs You Picked The Wrong College Major,” May 9. ” Appreciative Advising and First-Generation College Students.” Psu.edu. May 15, 2012.

See. August. October 30, 2013.

Alexandra Sifferlin, New Worry for College Students: Food Insecurity Time Health & Family, Jan. January 5, 2011. Students are also more aware of rising college debt — $1.2 trillion nationally — and are more wary of being saddled with huge loans to repay. “College Students with Children,” “Sources: Johnson, Jean et al. Removing the desire to cheat is the least immediately practical but most assured way of encouraging academic integrity.” Additionally, students have to stop using social sites, stop getting suspended in school, stop texting in class, stop being overconfident, stop eating badly, or stop procrastinating. November 10, 2013.

WHAT RESEARCH SAYS ABOUT PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN CHILDREN’S EDUCATION In Relation to Academic Achievement by Michigan Department of Education. Sunday. Stephany Elsworth in Do Language Barriers Affect Student Performance in School?

See. October 13, 2013.

Convissor, Kate. 10, 2013. “Plagerism Lines Blur for Students in Digital Age.” Nytimes.com The New York Times. “The AUIS Revolution,” April 4, 2012.. , Children don’t like school because they love freedom. 2009. In order to do the survey, researchers Ralph Stine brickner of Berea College and Todd R. However, there are many differences between high school and college. 11 2012. Colleges that can reduce net costs to families are gaining more of an edge in attracting students to their campus. September 28, 2012.

According to the article titled Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher education.org, “Lack of readiness for college is a major culprit in low graduation rates, as the majority of students who begin in remedial courses never complete their college degrees. As it is stated in the article titled Why Some College Students May Not Be Getting Enough to Eat by Alexandra Sifferlin,”‘Sixty two percent students reported they couldn’t afford balanced meals,’ says lead study author Megan Patton-Lopez, an epidemiologist at Benton County Health Services in Oregon. 22. Tomas Estrada, Elizabethtown College & Dr. Article Contributed by: Jen Thames, Brand Manager for RHL.org the best source for residence hall linens and twinXL bedding on the web. March 5, 2014. 2012.

See. ” Blogpost.com..Only the best, May 12,2009. 2012.

Petra Alfred, et al. College dropout or failure rates may be decreased if most of those students persevere when they face challenges or take adequate hours of sleep. Journal of Marketing Education, 27 (1), 5-13. Murphy & Terence Hicks. October 13, 2014.

Day, Emily. 2012.

BuSee. 15 June 2012. November 11. Cherif, Gerald E. Admissions counselors and professors can also help. their openness to online courses changes as they understand the greater flexibility offered. Published in final edited form as: J Adolesc Health. “Why Studence Fail?” Youtube.com.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GjMJZbjExSl. February 13 2012.

Myers, Brandi. 2012.

Gabriel, Trip. According to Marsha A. Aykut CEYHAN, and Anadolu University. Stress among college students can come from more than one sources. 2008. It’s just not worth sacrificing sleep to study!” Many of them are unmotivated , so they come to class late or do not attend class, which is negatively affecting their academic performances. This scenario can be seen in the left plot below. http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/technology-science/science/students-who-binge-drink-are-happier-1271144

See. They face troubles due to online classes. Low-income students taking and passing AP exams are 32% more likely to graduate from college than their matched non-AP peers.” according to Sara Martinez Tucker in the article titled Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum, “and memorization and rote learning won’t work any longer. The Top Five Reasons Why Students Fail To Succeed In School. “millennial.” Sep 10 2015. As Grace Fleming states in the article titled Teens and Sleep Deprivation, “One study shows that it is good to study right before going to sleep because ‘there is near-consensus that sleep promotes learning of certain types of perceptual memories.’ In other words, sleep helps students store memories to be retained and remembered the next day. L.

Dyslexia, Its impact on the Individual, Parents and Society by Lamk Al-Lamkim in NCBI, Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2012. According to Marsha A. As Wayne State University shows in the article titled Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Failed, college students fail sometimes because they have an “inability to apply concepts to different situations.” As a matter of fact, not only can college students fail sometimes because they have this type of inability, but students who lack this type of ability or this type of flexibility can also face another problem. Web. Feb. Ahmet Adal?er Cyprus International University, Faculty of Education, Nicosia, North Cyprus, aadalier@ciu.edu.tr Emre Balkan Cyprus International University, Faculty of Education, Nicosia, North Cyprus, December 13, 2013.

WebMD Medical Reference in What Is Depression? http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/what-is-depression Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on May 15, 2012 © 2012 WebMD, LLC. May 21. 2012.

Catrina G. Therese Hoff Macan, Comila Shahani, Robert L. EBSCO. About one-quarter of incoming students to these institutions are fully prepared for college-level studies. “Students that are active on campus and have interactions with faculty and students outside of the classroom are more likely to pass (and graduate).Universities and faculties need to attempt to foster these connections as much as they can. McKinney, and Kristoffer Rhoads and the University of Western Washington.

See. 2012.

See: The article titled College Campus Violence in Youth violence project by curry school of education: http://curry.virginia.edu/research/projects/violence-in-schools/college-campus-violence.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children (1997), “College Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities.” ID online.org. “N.p.” “n.d” May. Miller and Coleen Murray” in Nacada.

Setterfield, Julia. Fortunately, in February 2009, he had the chance to come to the United States, attended Glade Central High School, and graduated in May 2010 . The report goes to show according to Katherine Mangan that “for example, 39 percent of the black men with C-minus averages said they never cut classes, compared with 31 percent of Latinos and 24 percent of white men. CME Released: 08/28/2008; Valid for credit through 08/28/2009. in Psychon Bull Rev. Today. 25. That causes them to fail or drop out. Since the average score is 100, experts can quickly assess individual test scores against the average to determine where these scores fall on the normal distribution,”as stated in the article titled What Is the Average IQ by Kendra Cherry. “Choosing the “Wrong” Major,” Friday, April 8, 2011. Education Reform, November 29, 2013.

“‘The issue is not only that these students are not capable of doing college-level work,’the report says. in Raising Readers, Writers, and Spellers, the author of Raising Confident Readers, How to Teach Your Child to Read and Write–from Baby to Age 7, in the article titled A Lack of Parent Engagement Helps Create Failing Schools, July 13, 2011. September 30, 2002.” August 20, 2012.

Ravenscraft in Why Confidence Is So Important (and How to Improve Yours),10/08/2013. Handler, a medical doctor, shows in the articled titled What Parents Need to Know About Dyslexia (Reading Disability) in American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, “Students with dyslexia can be taught strategies to work with their learning disability. Over 62 percent of students who were admitted to but did not attend their first-choice college said they were offered aid by the institution they chose to attend,” according to Dennis Romero in the article titled More Students Are Choosing Colleges by Price, UCLA Says.They have to choose appropriate school or assume responsibility. Some of them choose inappropriate or wrong major or fear to fail or are frustrated. 2010. There is an increase demand of material knowledge. January 17, 2013.

See: Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students are bored, many skip school, lack adult support, Feb. August 20, 2012.


Sara Martinez Tucker in Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum By Sara Martinez Tucker. In fact, it has divided the scientific community for decades and controversies still rage over its exact definition and form of measurement,” according to Hsin-Yi Cohen, BSc, MA, Mst. 07, 2013

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN in Loneliness, Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign | 610 E John St | 217 333 3704 | RSS Feed Connect. 07, 2014.

Thursday, May 8, 2014, the Daily Carliforninian. October 14, 2014.

Dr. By doing so, they ensure their own success and that their education meets their individual needs.” It can also be helpful if some colleges help students financially, and that can also help those colleges. 11 & 12, 2014. White Time Business & Money: Nov. Cherif, Gerald E. Reasons Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Fail by Wayne State University febuary 16, 2007. Laura P. Faculties need ongoing advanced training in effective teaching online. Mars 13, 2012. Bad grades didn’t force students to drop out because of academic rules or regulations, bad grades caused students to drop out because they altered how students viewed their future college experience.” Students had to help out their families’ responsibility. There are seven major disciplines: human intelligence, imagery intelligence, measurement and signature intelligence, signals intelligence, open-source intelligence, technical intelligence, and counterintelligence.” Scientists have been analyzed some tests that can help measuring intelligence. With their Whole Lives Ahead of them: Myths and Realities about why so many Students Fail to Finish College. October 15, 2013.

See. Oct 16, 2015. Web. Wheeler in The End of the College Roommate, More and more schools are letting students live in single dorm rooms in theatlantic.com, Feb. Salient: Victoria University Students’ Paper. October, 13, 2014. Some instructors grade more heavily on homework, papers and projects, while others put a lot of weight on tests. in Poor Academic Performance–Why? In ERIC: ND, http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED110106, February 07, 2014.

See. 2012.

Jamestown Community College, JCC, State University of New York, in Student Responsibility Statement that was endorsed by the faculty in September 2008 and by Student Senate in October 2008. Intelligent students or students fail sometimes because they cannot balance the way to think critically, creatively, and analytically (1).

MEHTA, SANJAY S., JOHN J. Not only can underprepared or unprepared students drop out, but they can also expose to other academic difficulties. “Tardy sweep causes frustration for late students.” February 29, 2012. Graduation rates

Online College Student 2015 in New Data About Online College Students Available. 2012.

Kids Fail Less When They Know Failure Is Part of Learning, Study Finds in ABC news by Mikaela Conley, Mar 14, 2012. “n.d” May. In a recent North Carolina campaign ad, Obama vowed to improve education but also emphasized that ‘the truth is government can’t do it all.’ During his campaign speeches, he implores that parents had to get involved or ‘make sure your son or your daughter is doing his or her homework.’” On the other hand, according to Publicagenda.org in the article titled Parents Want to Be Involved in Children’s Education Yet Don’t Understand Key Factors Affecting Public Education Quality, Survey Shows Few Know What Children Should be Learning or How Schools Function and Rank; Only 50 Percent Want Children to Have More Challenging Courses ,”‘Many parents report the kinds of changes they believe would enhance their involvement, and what obstacles they encounter that hinder it,’ said Kelli Wells, director of U.S. They are depressed. Perceptions of Libraries, 2010: Context and Community. (2007). As Hsin-Yi Cohen, BSc, MA, Mst states, “Like the definitions of intelligence, the measurement of intelligence is dogged by controversy and disagreement. 28, 2014. Dr. Youthvoice. Azzam, April 2007 | Volume 64 | Number 7 The Prepared Graduate Pages 91-93 by Amy M. May 15. As a matter of fact, there are many possible ways that intelligence can be measured, and there are many different disciplines in intelligence. Kidshealth. Maria Chairez, “Why Do Youth Drop out? ” “U.S. In many ways, college life is representative of reality, and all you’ll learn from leaving is that you quit when things got tough. “First -Generation College Students Are More Likely to Have Lower Semester Grade.” Fayettevill State University. October 30, 2013.

Students’ Intelligence can be measured by IQ score.”The impact of IQ level on educational achievement can be understood in terms of a useful statistic called a correlation (r) -a measure from 0 to 1.0 of the ‘link’ or strength of a relationship between two variables – e.g. January 17, 2014.

College students face mental health issues nationwide by Hayley Fowler, Feb 03, 2014. To measure intelligence, it is crucial that we use a concept that is appropriate to the type of intelligence. Matthew Lynch in It’s Tough to Trailblaze: Challenges of First-Generation College Students, A 2010 study by the Department of Education January 23, 2013, Oct. This situation is compounded by the fact that some students lack self-responsibility and come to college classes with an attitude that they developed in high school, which means that attending is enough to get a passing grade in a given course. 2012.

See: Theravive in Sel-esteem, http://www.theravive.com/services/self-esteem.htm. 2011.

See. Academic Performance and College Dropout: Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Estimate a Learning Model NBER Working Papers DOI: 10.3386/w18945

See: Jeri LaBahn in his article titled Education and Parental Involvement in Secondary Schools: Problems, Solutions, and Effect. A correlation of r > .70 is considered very strong. Special Report / Why Students Drop Out by Amy M. in Self-esteem: The Cause and Effect of Success for the Child with Learning Differences, http://www.ricklavoie.com/selfesteemart.html. 9, 2013.

What causes students to fail or drop out of college by Harry H. June 15, 2014.

NCSET, Part I: What Do We Know About Dropout Prevention? , What Do We Know About Who Drops Out and Why?, Who Drops Out of School? “ND” November 29, 2013.

See. Oct 5 2009. 27, 2013. A Review of Literature Pertaining to Student Dropout from Instrumental Music Programs

Abour H. Spring 2007. Ormrod Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall in IQ and School Achievement in education.com, “ND. We can also find ways to help many of them performing well in school or gaining test taking strategies skills or organizational skills or to prevent them from getting pregnant or married or from having a dissatisfaction for school, help them managing their time properly or interacting with their professors, or try to help them with their families’ responsibilities or to provide a better teaching style that can help students with learning disabilities or dyslexia. In that study, the many reasons students provided for failing courses and colleges were grouped into seven main categories, including motivation (35%), study habits (17%), academic preparedness, (12%), external factors (11%), attitudes (11%), instruction (10%), and relevancy issues (4%)”( Abour H. Dangers of Teen Drinking.

Robert Morse and Diane Tolis , Measuring Colleges’ Success Graduating Higher-Income Students , an analysis shows graduation rates of higher-income students compared with the entire student body in U.S News & World Report, Jan. 1, 2006. 2012. “In 2011 the authors conducted a study asking 739 students to provide their own perspective of why students fail courses and drop out of colleges. Department of Justice.

Lester, James D. Fozdar, Kumar & Kannan ~ A Survey of a Study on the Reasons Responsible for Student Dropout from the Bachelor of Science Programme at Indira Gandhi National Open University. “Health problems affect dropout rates indirectly by forcing young people, especially young women, to cope with family physical or mental illness, often imposing on their responsibilities that can lead to their leaving school (32). September 28, 2012.

Police: Alcohol a Factor in College Student’s Death in Pittman Center by WBIR Staff , October 14, 2014. It requires a lot of skills or thinking skills. 2012.

See. Holloway, et al. Educationrealist, February 6, 2012. Cohen goes on to indicate how scientists contradict with other scientists, regarding single intelligence belief, for example. If this were to happen, schools would go to extreme lengths to ensure students have the opportunity to graduate in four. Cherif, Gerald E. Picciano , Professor at the school of education at Hunter College of the City University of New York, JALN Volume 6, Issue 1 – July 2002. 17 Oct. August 22, 2012.

Detroit.cbslocal, Young & Free Michigan Helps Students Pay For College, January 28, 2014. Originally, it was a quotient (a ratio): IQ= MA/CA x 100 [MA is mental age, CA is chronological age],” according to Dr. According to Jack Grove in the article titled Students’ Mental Health Problems Highlighted, “Research by the National Union of Students also found that 20 percent of students consider themselves to have a mental health problem. “College Students Continue to Adopt New

Variables Related to Perfectionism by Marilyn E. NEWBOLD, and MATTHEW A. Maryellen Weimer, Why Students Procrastinate and What You Can Do About It, May 7, 2009. Modern Parenting Tips: Styles & Approach in Disciplining & Training Children. 19. http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/

oct/07_0063.htm.october 19, 2013.

See. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.09.005. Volume 4 Number 2.


DiLallo, Emma, “Students Go to College but Not Go to Class. Dipboye, Amanda Peek Phillips in their article titled College Students’ Time Management: Correlations With Academic Performance and Stress.

The Key Reasons Why People Fail Online Education by Amelia Turner.

Harry Harrison in Getting Students from Low Income Households into College in kidsinthehouse.

See. </em>The crier, ” n.d” 31 Oct. Many students have to realize that 21 is the minimum drinking age or do not drink or smoke or use drugs at all. 21. 15. As an example, according to Oona Goodin-Smith, Oakland University and Daniel Rader, Ohio University of the article titled Students Break the Bank to Buy Their Books, “While Jin ultimately bit the bullet to buy the book, according to the USPIRG, 65% of college students have opted to forgo purchasing class texts ‘because it was too expensive.’ Of these students, 94% had concerns that doing so ‘would hurt their grade in a course.’ The study concludes that the high prices of the books ultimately affect students’ decisions on the number and type of classes they take each semester.” In addition to that, they do not like school. June 17, 2014.

Educationrealist, ” Homework and Grade.” Educationrealist.com. – See more at: http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/instructional-design/why-students-procrastinate-and-what-you-can-do-about-it/#sthash.0ebcNJ9f.dpuf

See. For example, “According to Michael Ellsberg, the problem with that is, ‘College is training for managerial work, and the economy doesn’t need that many managers.’ In this economy, businesses do not have the time or capital to train you to become employable. Communication skill training significantly enhanced the emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. “University Life of Non-Traditional Students: Engagement Styles and Impact on Attrition.” <em>Journal of Higher Education</em> 82.1 (2011): 33-53. . Gawlik. 7, 2014.

IJGE: International Journal of Global Education – 2012, volume 1 issue 2: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNET ADDICTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS: Asst. 2012.

Accredited online colleges in the article titled Internet Addiction Among College Students: 10 Startling Trends. Educational Psychology Interactive. Feb. There are two main types of intelligences according to Hsin-Yi Cohen. The Independent Florida Alligator. 31, 2014. ‘The idea of investment has moved from the education experience and thinking and problem-solving skills to a more practical orientation of what career will this prepare me for, Allen said’,” according to Carla Rivera in the article titled Cost, Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice.

Richard Millsap in why Do Some Students Succeed And Others Fail to Achieve Desired Class Drades, And Academic Goals & Objectives in wweb.uta.edu. That can help them gaining memories or positively affect their learning capabilities. Students experience ‘stereotype threat,’ he argues, when they feel pressure not to conform to a negative stereotype, whether it’s women in a science class or black men in a college course.” Many students do not eat well. August. Anne Marie Delaney in her paper titled Why Faculty-Student Interaction Matters in the First Year Experience that she presented to the 29th annual eair forum between august 20 to 26 in 2007 in Innsbruck, Austria. Leung, M.D. 2011.

Discipline And Causes of Indiscipline by Mohammed Rhalmi, august 25, 2010. Spearman coined the term ‘General Intelligence’ or ‘g’ which was based on measure of people’s performance across a variety of mental tests”(Cohen). “The Effect Of Different Attendance Policies On Student Attendance And Achievement.” (1992): ERIC. Forty-five students were male and 42 female.” The first part of this study was that all the students took the IQ score. Thursday, May 8, 2014.

Shragge, Rebecca, ” The California Aggie.” Aggie.org. Elizabeth Wistrom &ccrzadkiewicz. “College Dropouts Linked to Preparedness More Than Effort,” College Bound, An exploration of the Issues Affecting Access to Higher Education. Drinking or drug causes many of them or many who are underage many troubles. Prof. Carol L. As WILL OKUN stated in the article titled “Parents Who Don’t Parent”, which has published at nytimes.com, “According to the Wall Street Journal, Barack Obama deems ‘parents who do not parent’,one of the most serious challenges facing the country. December 6, 2013, Reviewed by: Lauren Applebaum, the Associate Dean of the Fingerhut School of Education in American Jewish University’s Graduate Center for Education. “Academic Cheating Fact Sheet.” Standford.edu/class. 57, American Educational Research Association. Web: perfectionlearning.com. December 07, 2013.

Foxprovidence. Cherif, Gerald E. As Dale Schunk says, “The process goal promoted self-efficacy and achievement the best. December. Thursday, July, 27. According to the article titled Intelligence And Cognitive Flexibility: Fluid Intelligence Correlates with Feature “Unbinding” Across Perception And Action by Colzato LS1, van Wouwe NC, Lavender TJ,and Hommel B, “People integrate the features of perceived events and of action plans, as well as of episodic stimulus-response relations, into event files. Shek, Dr. Students who want to succeed have to be diligent to acquire those skills. Published online 2007 June 15. “Students Failing English Due to Twitter, Facebook,”socialmediatoday. Socialmediatoday.com. College Students’ Time Management: Correlations With Academic Performance and Stress by Therese Hoff Macan, Comila Shahani, Robert L. October 14, 2014.

Cheating in College: Where It Happens, Why Students Do It and How to Stop It by Bryce Buchmann, Texas A&M, 02/20/2014. How to Lear.com. December 7, 2013. Mines in the article titled Critical Thinking Among College and Graduate Students, “John Dewey (1933) argued that reflective thinking, the careful collection and evaluation of evidence leading to a conclusion, should be a central aim of education”(167-168).

Why Do Students Fail or Get Less Marks in Exam? – Causes in studyandexam.com. December – 2006. ” October 14, 2013.

Obama seeking to help poor students, but policies favor the rich: opinion, By Jon Marcus, The Hechinger Report @CNNMoney January 17, 2014. 17Oct. 11, 2014. 08, 2014.

Student Safety Net Home in pleasval in Personal Responsibility (for Students): http://www.pleasval.k12.ia.us/studyskills/studentpersonalresponsibility.htm, December 07, 2013.

Krista Ramsey and Cliff Peale, USA TODAY, “First-generation college students stay the course.” Mars 29, 2010. As Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall shows in the article titled IQ and School Achievement, “Modern intelligence tests have been designed with Binet’s original purpose in mind: to predict how well individual students are likely to perform in the classroom and similar situations. Academic Search Complete. October 15, 2013.

The Effects of Excessive Absenteeism in Schools by Malikah Walters,”an English professor, and has been instructing English and education courses at the college level since 2008. Thus he believes that standard IQ tests and psychometric tests focus on certain components, such as logical and linguistic, while completely ignoring other components which may be equally important.” Cohen argues that intelligence has more than one aspects. October 19, 2013.

Delece Smith-Barrow, an education reporter at U.S. Teens, Sleep and School by Gisele Glosser in Mathgoodies

Neal Thakkar: Why Procrastinate: An Investigation of the Root Causes behind Procrastination. Army Medical Department Journal</em> (2010): 65-72. Student responsibility is demonstrated when students make choices and take actions which lead them toward their educational goals.” Lastly, not at all, in addition to student responsibility, the parents or the members of the schools have to talk to the teenage college students about how alcohol can cause them troubles. Learning support services. He shows that “Psychologist Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences states that intelligence can be broken down into 8 distinct components: logical, spatial, linguistic, interpersonal, naturalist, kinaesthetic, musical, and intrapersonal. Atwood, Elizabethtown College. October 25, 2013.

Detroit.cbslocal, Young & Free Michigan Helps Students Pay For College, January 28, 2014. The pace in college is much faster; one test will cover up to four chapters from a book. December 10, 2013.

See. Morrison and Merith A. October 14, 2013.

Elizabeth Walcot-Gayda, Ph. http://www.kpho.com/story/26763562/study-says-college-students-addicted-to-technology.

See. Think before You Act and What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Drop out are two of his works that he likes the most. January 11, 2014.

Fear of Failure Can Affect Student’s Motivation and Attitude to Learn in University Herald, Sept 27, 2014. Volume 42, Number 3. November 11. This refers to an individual’s ability to understand and be aware of your own emotions, as well as those of people around you. Oct. some students have not realized this yet” (Abour H. Forty of the students in the study came from schools in the lower SES bracket, 47 from schools in the higher bracket. Studies repeatedly show that performance on intelligence tests is correlated with school achievement (N. Steele, dean of the Stanford University Graduate School of Education. “The concept of intelligence as a single entity was first put forth by an English psychologist named Charles Spearmen in the early 20th century. 15 2012.

See. Retrieved [October 17, 2013] from http://www.edpsycinteractive/files/parinvol.htm.

David.<em>”</em>Colleges Are Failing in Graduation Rates.”<em>nytimes.com</em>.. Breus, PhD that was reviewed by Stuart J. A Third of College Students Smoke by Melissa Schorr.

See. This ability enables you to handle social interactions and relationships better.” Chohen also illustrates many ways that we can measure intelligence. “Data suggests that college students are getting lazy,” September 29, 2010. “Why Kids Drop Out of School.” “N.D.” Sept 20, 2012.

Obama’s Free College Proposal Could Be ‘Game-Changer’ For State’s Students by Kathleen Megane. January 31, 2010. In order to do the studies, ShohrehGhorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzaneh survey many students at Islamic Azad University, Sarab branch in the years of 2008 to 2009. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Stine brickner of the University of Western Ontario say that college students are fleeing from math, physics, chemistry and the like after dipping into some classes,”( Safdar). 1997. Alchool Alert by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Understanding the Impact of Alchool in Human health and Well Being.

Survey: 17% of high schoolers drink, smoke, use drugs during school day by Carl Azuz, CNN, August 22nd, 2012 , November 26, 2013.

Jessica Pieklo in the article titled Pregnant Students Left Behind As School Starts, September 2, 2012. “Professor’s Role in Motivating Students to Attend Class,” Journal of Industrial Teacher Education. 18, 2014.

Fleming, Grace. We have to help the students who come from low-income families. White Time Business & Money: Nov. February 14, 2012. Web. Open Access Theses. “NP” “November 2, 2011. Unpublished M.A. http://aboutus.aju.edu/Default.aspx?id=8762

See: Lynn O’Shaughnessy, “25 colleges with the worst professors” in CBS news.com. They lack organizational skills. 2012.

Chase, Peru: Gender discrimination causes young girls to miss school peruthisweek news, October 14, 2013. Dec. Timothy A. 2012.

See: Nelson David Bassey in his new book titled The New Generation of Leadership that he released in August 22, 2013 with his co-authors Dr. Students may take online classes due to certain circumstances.” ‘Online is not played up in what students see in films and television, where they see a more traditional college campus with faculty and students face-to-face,’” Eagan said. Frederick in Note Taking Will Make You a Better Student.

Research-Based Test Preparation Instruction Better Test Scores that was conducted by Perfection Learning Corporation. Effects of Teenage Drinking in learn-about-alcoholism.com.

Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses By Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011, Thought & Action Fall 2011. They lack goals, which Dale Schunk say “may be cast as absolute or normative.” He says, “An absolute goal has a fixed standard, such as reading one chapter in a book in one hour. . Retrieved from: http://commons.pacificu.edu/spp/29

Hayley Fowler mentions, “According to the 2013 National Survey Section One 4-yr Directors (Final).pdf of College Counseling Centers, an average of 1,800 students sought individual or group counseling for mental health related issues at universities with more than 15,000 students.”

News Digest &Neil Sturomski “Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities &Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities To Use Learning Strategies” NICHCY. 2012.

Plagerism.org, Facts & Stats, Academic Integrity in College and Graduate School, plagiarism.org. Fortunately, for example, “The Long Beach campus received more than 83,500 undergraduate applications for fall 2014, among the highest count in the nation. He goes on to show that health problems have relations with many elements that can cause students troubles in their academic performance; in addition to that, students can fail or drop out of school due to health problems (1 &2). May. We need to teach our kids how to reason, how to think; they need to know how to study before entering college.” As a matter of fact, statistics have shown that it gives better results when students take college level classes since in High school before entering college or when teachers have better equipment in the classroom. 06. In May 8, 2012, he graduated from Palm Beach State College with an Associate in Arts Degree. Web. Petrides, KristelleHudry, Norah Frederickson, and Luke D. For cheating to be reduced, instead of seeing cheating as something that can’t be done, they must come to recognize that it should not be done. Lu Yu in Internet addiction, which was edited by Donald W. (1995). King, Phillip K. learn and understand), apply knowledge (solve problems), and engage in abstract reasoning. , Children don’t like school because they love freedom. 15 oct. That makes the situation a little more complicated. Student Life, the Independent Newspaper of Washington in St Louis since 1878. http://www.marketwatch.com/story/this-is-the-biggest-challenge-facing-first-year-college-students-2015-10-16.

See: 3 Ways to Avoid the Consequences of Pre-Fall Break Burnout by Luis Ruuska, Editor-at-large, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 2012.

John O’Connor, To Cut Student Debt, Florida College Cuts Off Some Student Borrowing in NPR, October 12, 2014. 17 Oct. 16 Oct. July 4, 2012, lesterleung.wordpress.com. Oct 16, 2015. “N.p” “n.d.” May. In addition to that, as Diann Fisher shows in his article titled Why Students Drop Out of College, students enter college but end up to not do well or drop out for many reasons, and one of those reasons is that “they find that the academic program is too hard.”

Does academic achievement have a relation with intelligence or IQ score and discipline or behavior? How can lack of discipline or bad behavior and little or lack of intelligence affect students? According to a study titled Teacher Perceptions of the Relationships between Intelligence, Student Behavior, and Academic Performance by Anthony Imbrosciano and Richard Berlach, they tried to find out how academic performance was correlated with intelligence and behavior. For some students, getting an F in classes is no longer something to be ashamed of but a cool thing that you must experience before leaving college.”They are not that much intelligent. McClenney said, colleges should extend programs like mandatory study-skills classes, learning communities, and tutoring to all students. High-Tech Cheating Abounds, and Professors Bear Some Blame by Jeffrey R. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Your Child: ADHD LD Online: ADHD: Building Academic SuccessThe Washington Post: The Answer Sheet: How Schools (Even Great Ones) Fail Kids With ADHD The New York Times: Health: Attention Deficity Disorder or Not, Pills Help in School. In addition to that, the government school in a lower SES area has a teacher’s APR (academic performance) of 0.378 with a teacher’s GBR(general behavior rate) of 0.098, the non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.226 and a teacher’s GBR of -0.138, the government school in a higher SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.636 with a teacher’s GBR of 0.491, and the non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.503 and a teacher’s GBR of 0.287. From: http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/features/important-sleep-habits.

Learning Disabilities,” PS News Hours. (2000, October). Most illicit drug use by teenagers holding steady; possible turnaround seen with alcohol by the Institute for Social Research in Urmich.

Online Services,” oclc.org. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2011.533414. Cost calculations are reflected in increasing requests for financial aid, many college officials said,” according to Carla Rivera Cost in the article titled Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice.” ‘Costs and financial aid are becoming more important and salient to students’ decisions in part due to increased tuition,’ said Kevin Eagan, interim director of UCLA’s Cooperative Institutional Research Program, which prepares the survey of the nation’s first-year students conducted by UCLA’s Higher Education Research Institute. ‘It’s dry and hard to get through, so if you can create an oasis in there, it would be a good thing,’ says Dr. (1976): 46-47, 4/15/2014.

Do Students Really Need Practice Homework? By Alfie Kohn: From Chapter 6 of The Homework Myth (Da Capo Press, 2006) Copyright © 2006 by Alfie Kohn. Published online 2007 June 15. 15. August 21, 2012.

See. January 2011.

“Eligibility for enrollment in less-selective four-year institutions typically includes a high school diploma and additional college-preparatory coursework. Pychyl. 31) In UMBC,”N.D” Feb. Mar. Faculty managers need to have more training in academic leadership–especially in this area of persistence in online environments” (Abour H. “The Power of Perseverance”, Self-Transformation Series: Issue No. “An unprecedented study that followed several thousand undergraduates through four years of college found that large numbers did not learn the critical thinking, complex reasoning and written communication skills that are widely assumed to be at the core of a college education,” according to Doug Mataconis in his article titled College Students Lack Critical Thinking Skills, But Who’s To Blame. “20 Percent of College Students Don’t Complete Homework.” Idnews.com ” N.p.” June 29. Anderson, Demand Media in Global Post. Feb. A December UI graduate, Bushby went from being a straight A student at the beginning of her undergraduate studies to not being able to get through classes. We can also look at to give kids from low-income family more challenging and demanding class in High school before attending college or help those who have trouble thinking reasonably or studying. 2009. http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/10/08/walsh-seeks-curb-number-off-campus-college-students-crack-down-rental-woes/HruxVxswP2aMQNTBUgV0PN/story.html

Smith, William H. Michael Tunney shows that “getting a degree is no longer a ticket to a job with a salary and benefits. Jeffreys 2012. The Role of Moral and Performance Character Strengths in Predicting Achievement and Conduct among Urban Middle School Students by Scott Seider of Boston University, Jennifer K.

Depression weighs heavily on college students, Up to 7 percent of adult population affected by disorder, thegazette.com. As stated in the article titled Schools Coping with Students Unprepared for College, “Academically unprepared or under-prepared students are more likely to drop out, a problem that carries heavy financial costs not only to the students but also to the public ” (News-Leader.com). September 13, 2015. Rumberger , University of California, Santa Barbara. 2005. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 January 1. Faculty Working Papers from the School of Education. March 13, 2014.

See. A correlation of >.50 is considered a moderate to strong link. “N.D” January 1, 2014.

“While most university campuses offer resources to help students cope, some of those students ultimately withdraw from school. Science Leadership Academy in the study of Suspensions vs. All rights reserved, December 09, 2013.

Qaissaunee, Michael.”Study Shows College Students Who Text Not Paying Attention to Lectures ,” Friday, April 20, 2012. 2012.

Mental health problems or health problems in general cause many students troubles. 336-340

See: Obama Forming Task Force to Protect College Students from Sex Assaults by THE ASSOCIATED PRESS in daily news, Wednesday January 22, 2014. “N.D” October 10, 2013.

See: lawstuff.org in the article Discrimination at School, “N.D” December 7, 2013.

Rajeev, Loveleena. Gilbert of Vanderbilt University, Sarah Novick of Boston University, and Jessica Gomez Of Boston University that was conduct by In Press, Teachers College Record. According to Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students Are Bored, Many Skip School, Lack Adult Support, “‘ Sixty-one percent said, ‘I didn’t like the teachers,’ and 60 percent said, ‘I didn’t see the value in the work I was being asked to do.’” Health problems cause them many troubles. ” Stress and The College Students: A Debate.” Jour.unr.edu. In addition to that relation, students with higher IQ score or with better academic performance can be more intelligent than those with lower IQ score. Also, many of them use social sites or do not manage their time properly or are not that much intelligent. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Wood, and Robert A. 2011. We can also look at to help these students choose appropriate majors or majors that would match them. “N,D.” August 20, 2012.

8 Big Mistakes Online Students Make By Kim Clark in US News in World Report, March 25, 2010. Department of Education, National Center for education Statistics, National Education Longitudinal Study, 1990.” October 21. Cherif, Gerald E. Here is a plot that shows what this degree of correlation looks like – you can see there is quite a close link. With early detection, the right help and hard work students with dyslexia can and do learn successfully. According to the article titled Cheating in College: Where It Happens, Why Students Do It and How to Stop It by Bryce Buchmann, Texas A&M, “Tightening the rules on classroom behavior during exams seems like the most obvious and readily available solution for cheating. We can also look at to better our schools. October 16, 2015. ‘The quality of their diet is being impacted. Sep. Kakuma News Reflector – A Refugee Free Press. “Emotional obstacles for e-learning – a user psychological analysis,” UROLD. 3/11/2014. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014). Findarticle. “WHY DO FIRST- GENERATION STUDENTS FAIL?” <em>College Student Journal</em> 45.1 (2011): 20-35. Department of Education, and CEO and President of the Hispanic Scholarship Fund shows in Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum By Sara Martinez Tucker that “we need to set aggressive performance goals for schools, teachers and students, create higher expectations for success, and open up rigorous classes to every student.

University of Florida, CWC, Counselling & Wellness Center in Stress and College Students, “N.D” Feb. Medical & Health Articles. “School-Wide Strategies for Managing… The government, school authorities, everyone, or parents have to try to help out the students who get pregnant. According to Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students Are Bored, Many Skip School, Lack Adult Support, “Seventy-three percent of students who have considered dropping out said it was because ‘I didn’t like the school.” They get suspended in school, or they lack confidence or have a language barrier. In order to do so, Sara Martinez Tucker, CEO of the National Math and Science Initiative, the former Under Secretary of the U.S. “The Homework Experience: Perceptions Of Low-Income Youth.” Journal Of Advanced Academics 22.2 (2011): 250-278. Many teachers or instructors cause students troubles. 2011.

Brigh Hub. February 1, 2014.

A summary ofbWhy Don’t Students Like School? A Cognitive Scientist Answers Questions About How The Mind Works And What It Means For The Classroom By Daniel Willingham Summarized by Bud Nye, R.N., M.S.

“Scientists generally agree that intelligence can be captured by psychometric tests. As Chris Denhart shows, “Legislators can consider tying state funding in part on graduation rate. Deciding to drop out is not life or death. Students are pregnant. Available: http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR5-3/mcdermott.html

See: ADHD & Failing in School by Sandra L. October 3, 2014.

Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses By Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011, Thought College Students Lack Critical Thinking Skills, But Who’s To Blame? Oct. June 17, 2014.

Etsaia shows in the article titled “Internet Banging” – Co-opting Social Media for Gang-Related Violent Activities in Michigan Young violence prevention, March 13, 2013. 25. 2012.

See: Teacher Perceptions of the Relationships between Intelligence, Student Behavior, and Academic Performance by Anthony Imbrosciano and Richard Berlach, Issues In Educational Research, Vol 13, 2003. The Bar-On emotional intelligence and life satisfaction questionnaire were used.” Ghorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, and Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzanehalso used the Pearson test. October 17, 2013.

The Free Dictionnary by Farlex: Intelligence Discipline. 3, 2014.

See. May 21, 2012.

Sheryl M. However, if students do not have this type of ability or this type of flexibility, they can expose to trouble. King, Phillip K. 2015.

See. 2012.

See:The study by Muhammad Luqman at the department of psychology at Bahauddin

Zakriya University Multan

Why Students Drop Out: Perceptions of Educators, Parents, and Students by SEDL.

Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education , February 26, 2014. 2012.

See. Sep 10 2015.

According to Patricia M. November 18, 2011. 2011.

Cynthia G Schott of the University of Florida and Gerald C. In the end, they found support for the latter two scenarios. The World Largest Network of Learning Disabilities and ADHD. Findings from a national survey conducted in 2005. It then examined performance on a set of tasks assessing social cognition and cognitive flexibility in 69 participants with either high or low scores on ASD traits. Sept 3, 2015.

Singhal, Pooman. Nicholas Freudenberg and Jessica Ruglis in the article titled Reframing School Dropout as a Public Health Issue.

According to the article titled Discipline And Causes of Indiscipline by Mohammed Rhalmi, “There are many causes of indiscipline in school. 29, No. ” College Students Stressed By War.” Usa.today.com. 2012.

Lynn O’Shaughnessy ,Top 25 State Universities for Graduating on Time, January 31, 2011, CBSNEWS from the federal education database known as IPEDS . “Children’s Perseverance in School Activities” by Evelyn Trimborn, eHow Contributor. 19. If you know that someone has a certain Gf score, you know they are likely to do better in their SAT score and their GPA…”

See: University expels 34 students for cheating By Hala Khalaf in the National.eenews, December 27, 2010. 5). October 12, 2014.


Dennis Romero, More Students Are Choosing Colleges by Price, UCLA Says, Wed, Mar 12, 2014. December 30, 2013.

“Intelligence is a term that is difficult to define, and it can mean many different things to different people. “Sleep takes a back seat.” <em>conantcrier.com. ” Why the Dropout Rate so High?” Youthvoice.net. Penn State’s Division of Undergraduate Studies. ‘It may be, he said, that as ‘they have difficulty getting the classes they need … Randy Brown and Dr. 30. Understanding Problem Solving and the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics by Luzviminda “Luchie” B. 7, 2013.

See: Sleep Habits: More Important Than You Think, Chronic Sleep Deprivation May Harm Health by Michael J. <em>Academic Search Complete</em>. ‘A somewhat surprising outcome was students’ views of online education, which has been an increasing focus of efforts to save costs.” (Rivera). October 12, 2013.

J. May 15, 2012.

Guirol. August 20, 2012.

Cheers! Students who binge drink are happier with university life, claims study,News, by By Agency staff. SuccessConsciousness.com. According to Abour H. Students get addicted to Internet or computer; as a result, they face a lot of trouble. October 21. ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. “N.D” October12, 2013.

Fram, Allan & Tompson, Trevor. December 31, 2013.

Kidshealth.” What Is Plagerism?” Kidhealth.org. October 15, 2013.

LETITIA ANNE PEPLAU, “Loneliness and the College Student.” 1987. 2012.

See: College Drinking by National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Pia Bhathal in Smoking Can Affect Students’ Judgment, March 9, 2011. “The report, ‘Rape and Sexual Assault: A Renewed Call to Action,’ says rape’s prevalence is highest at college, fueled by drinking and drug use that can incapacitate victims. Sun, and Dr. Smillie).

Women more than twice as likely to be depressed in The Telegraph. 3 (Jul., 1990), pp. January 13, 2014.

See. “Students Depressed over Lack of Money.” <em>Telegraph.co.uk.</em> The Telegraph, 17 Apr. Brain Basics: Understanding Sleep by National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

MotivotionalWellBeing. Aug. November 11. While some of those students may choose to attend other four-year schools or community colleges because of costs, ‘We will get a fair number of students who can’t afford UC,’ Dowell said,” (Rivera). 5, 2014.

Rob Ramaker, Guy Ackermans, and Pascal Tieman in Ressource for Wageningen Students and employee. December 31, 2013.

” U.S Students And Homework.” Cybercollege.com. Black men are the most engaged in tutoring and orientation sessions but report the least success. “SOCIAL NETWORKING USAGE AND GRADES AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS,”A Study to Determine the Correlation Of Social Media Usage and Grades. Prev Chronic Dis. November 17, 2013.

Kelley Holland in the article titled College Students Consider Themselves Financially Savvy: Survey in NBC News. Canlas

Students do not do well or drop out of college because the program that they choose is difficult. ” First-Year College Students Often Fail as Life Intervenes.” Post-gazette.com. In May 2014, he graduated from Florida Atlantic University with a Bachelor of Science in Economics. Forty-four students came from the two government schools and 43 from the two non-government schools. Rowell Huesmann in The Impact of Electronic Media Violence: Scientific Theory and Research in the National Institute of Health Public Access Policy : Adolesc Health. 2nd ed. It appears that many of the students are struggling to buy the healthy foods like fruits and vegetables and lean meats and this could affect their weight, although our study cannot confirm that.’” They choose inappropriate school or do not assume their responsibility or ask question in class when they do not understand. Feb 03, 2014: http://www.dailytarheel.com/article/2014/02/college-students-face-mental-health-issues-nationwide.

Top 6 Reasons Adult College Students Drop Out by David Schepp, Aug 13th 2012. 8, 2014.

Many students go to college with the hope of giving themselves the skill that they need but often fail or drop out not entirely only because they are unprepared to attend college academically but for many reasons. 23rd 2007. “Although black and Latino male students enter community colleges with higher aspirations than those of their white peers, white men are six times as likely to graduate in three years with a certificate or degree. May 08, 2014.

McDermott, P., & Rothenberg, J. National Education or scientist.

See: Shabbir Ahmad Rana Rukhsana Kausar in Comparison of Study Habits and Academic Performance of Pakistani British and White British Students.

Purdue University, “Choosing a Major, How to pick the right major and more,” “N.D.” Oct. 19. Only the best, May 12, 2009. Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall shows in the article titled IQ and School Achievement, “Modern intelligence tests have been designed with Binet’s original purpose in mind: to predict how well individual students are likely to perform in the classroom and similar situations. December 30, 2013. “First-generation college students at a four-year university: background characteristics, reasons for pursuing higher education, and first-year experiences – Statistical Data Included.” Findarticle.com. That causes them to fail. Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal. “N.D” Feb. College, he concluded, wasn’t for him,” according to the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education. 39, No. http://clubs.calvin.edu/chimes/991112/opinions_01.html

Rebecca, The California Aggie.” <em>theaggie.org. If the time you’re spending in lecture halls is better spent working on your startup idea or apprenticing with a pro, it’s time to drop out. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014. Students can have difficulty in adjusting their own career expectations. They are not that much good or fail to assume responsibility. “Depression and College Students, Answers to college students’ frequently asked questions about depression”. March 10, 2014.

Gilardi, Silvia, and Chiara Guglielmetti. Filed under Editorials, Students life. On the majority of modern IQ tests, the average (or mean) score is set at 100 with a standard deviation of 15 so that scores conform to a normal distribution curve. 03, 2014.

Loneliness among College Students James J. (2013). That will help a lot. Brody, 1997; Gustafsson & Undheim, 1996; Sattler, 2001). December 13, 2013.

See. 19. ‘We’re seeing increasing numbers of students designated as low-income and it had to do with the growing inequality of wealth and income in the U.S., with increasing numbers of young people living in poverty,’ said David Dowell, Cal State Long Beach’s interim provost”(Rivera). Studies repeatedly show that performance on intelligence tests is correlated with school achievement (N. (IQ Predicts Academic Achievement). March 16, 2012. Cosden (1997), “Risk, Resilience, and Adjustment of Individuals with Learning Disabilities.” ID online.org. 2012.

University of Alabama Center for Academic Success. (2007). Fabiano, Gary R. And we are more interested here in the link between fluid intelligence and SAT and GPA, since our HighIQPro training causes fluid intelligence to improve substantially. Pychyl , Fear of Failure in psychology today , February 13, 2009. Malooly at the University of Miami. She said she spent the majority of her college days in her room unable to leave because she couldn’t stop crying because of depression” (Moustafa and Linh Ta). ‘Students are approaching their college search with a much more critical eye on how they’re going to fund their education,’ Eagan said. Dr. October 15, 2013.

A finding from the 2001-2002 of NFTE in two Boston Public Schools by Michael Nakkula, Claudia Pineda, Amy Dray, and Miranda Lutyens. It is the power of one’s intellect, and as such is clearly a very important aspect of one’s overall well-being. Richard Gentry, Ph.D. Baker. Wed. ” Causes of Failure in College,” “N.D” Oct. December, 8, 2013.

Philstar in the article titled Fighting computer addiction in kids, November 28, 2010. Students fail because of that. <em>ERIC</em>. January 16, 2014.

Travis Waldron, Nearly Half Of American College Students Drop out before Receiving a degree, Mars 28, a report about the Havard study, 2012. 18, 2014.http://www.wibw.com/home/headlines/Kansas-College-Students-Take-6-Years-To-Graduate-245876401.html

See. 17 Oct. 2001. November 14, 2013.

Dale Schunk, Goal Setting, education.com, Dec 23, 2009. To substantiate his idea, he mentions Robert Sternberg. “The Procrastination Problem,” SuccessConsciousness. In May 2015, he graduated from Lynn University with an MBA in Hospitality Management. Oct. October 09, 2013.

Gale M. Education programs with the GE Foundation. 2012.

Even if all students are intelligent or have cognitive flexibility, other problems may stand up. For instance, only 14 percent of black students and 30 percent of Latinos meet ACT college-readiness standards in mathematics, while 53 percent of white students do. Mond.

See: Recent college grads face 36% ‘mal-employment’ rate by Tami Luhby, June 25, 2013. “Studies Show People More Stressed as Students than At Other Stage of Life Due to Work, Relationships.” Stud.life.com. October 20, 2013.

Heavy Alcohol Consumption Linked With Worsening PTSD Symptoms Among College Students in huffingtonpost.com , 01/17/2014. http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/frustration-teens-6775.html “N.D” January 12, 2014.

Tristan Watson. November 11. The remaining 75% need remedial work in English, mathematics, or both.”

Russell W. thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, on file with ProQuest Information and Learning Company by Boccanfuso, Christopher in dignityinscool.org, 2005. Minority students will benefit disproportionately from such strategies, she said, but they won’t feel embarrassed by participating or feel that they’re being singled out as ‘at risk’,” according to Katherine Mangan in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges in The Chronic of Higher Education. A few of them are unenforced rules, lack of communication, teacher-student relationship, lack of leadership, lack of motivation, and bad habit.”

Mann, Dale. Cyber College Internet Campus. Stine brickner, one of the paper’s authors, said ‘What they did not expect is that even if they work hard, they still will not do well’” (safdar). As Sheryl M. Monday.12.

See: J.E. IQ level and combined SAT score. “N.p.” December 9, 2009. 2009. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014, “Participants also indicated that some students lack the motivation and/or the interest, and thus they fail to invest the effort, time, and energy needed to complete college work. January 13, 2015. Learning disabilities, poor or bad study habit, smoking, lack of perseverance, or stress or anxiety causes them troubles. There are 115,000 graduates who are janitors,”(Tunney). With college students, Schunk and Ertmer found that a process goal of learning computer applications led to higher self-efficacy, self-judged learning progress, and strategy use, compared with an outcome goal of performing the applications.” We can find an appropriate way to help many college students to cope or deal with stress, bad or poor study habits, violence, anxiety, hard programs, college cost, lack of confidence, online classes, or loneliness. The Impact of tardiness on school success by Stacy Zeiger.

Caitlin Lenker and Dan McAndrew The MinstrelThe Procrastination Epidemic: An Investigative Report, “ND”. 15. However, regardless of the various assessment methods used, students can benefit by being cognizant of common causes of class failure” (Kokemuller). They were bored with school (47 percent), had missed too many days and could not catch up (43 percent), spent time with people who were not interested in school (42 percent), had too much freedom and not enough rules in their lives (38 percent), and were failing (35 percent),” according to the article titled Special Report / Why Students Drop Out. Top 3 Reasons to Have Family Dinner (and tips to help you do it!) by suzukistacy in The Young Both-Young Services.

Francesca Di Meglio in Stress Takes Its Toll on College Students in businessweek, May 10, 2012. If the correlation between IQ and SAT was zero, it would mean that knowing someone’s IQ would give you no clue as to how well they will do on their SATs – the one doesn’t predict the other. Dec. Pfaff, Laboratory of Neurobiology and Behavior, New York, USA, in springerreference, “N.D” December 13, 2013.

See: The National Center for students expose to violence: http://www.nccev.org/violence/school.html.

See. Web. They fail or drop out because they have financial problems or do not interact that much with their instructors. Some of them are caught cheating , so they automatically fail the whole course. The two paramount types of intelligence are multiple Intelligences and general Intelligence. Working together, parents, in partnership with members of the medical and educational communities, can formulate and oversee a prescription for their success.” Students have to attend class.”That’s the easiest way to graduate, is to go to class,” according to Harry H. March 10, 2014.

Why Students Drop Out of College by Diann Fisher in teachnologist.com. Communication skills training program has been conducted for the test group in 1-5 hours 8 sessions and post-test is done on both groups after training. 2011 January; 40(1): 123-135. January 5, 2014.

Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher education.org, “N.D”. January 11, 2014: http://www.care2.com/causes/for-pregnant-students-title-ix-essential-to-success.html.

Google Dictionary. 10 Theories On The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status And Academic Achievement by Grant Wiggins, December 20, 2012, TeachThought Staff. Abour H. Intelligence can also be measured by the way that someone performs in school or based on his or her memory. Helathnewstrack. Robert Pitcher of the Educational Development Center at the University of Alabama shows. May. December 30. Oct. Web. 03, 2014.

First Bad Grade: What Do I Do Next? by Nicole Eisenberg on October 07, 2011Junior > Marketing & Supply Chain Management > University of Maryland, College Park. Parties, late night studies session or job-related obligations are taking precedence and leaving less time for the mandatory sleep needed for optimal performance” (Shragge). They have to write long paper and read long assignments”(1). Connection Between Alcohol and Drugs in Alchoolrehab, Dara Thailand.

Why do students drop out of school? Video taking from Youtube jazz89KUVOhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g201v1-WHhs

Suggested citation for this article: Freudenberg N, Ruglis J. Young in The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 28, 2010. 2012.

See: Prof. Glennie, Ph.D., and Elizabeth Stearns, Ph.D. “Responsibilities of a Teacher,” Buzzle teaching jobs. “Action on Dropout” “N.D” Sept. A Study of Time Management: The Correlation between Video Game Usage and Academic Performance Markers by Anand, Vivek

Serena Golden in low-Income Students and the Perpetuation of Inequality’ in Inside Higher ED. Kent Butler. 16. Campbell in Lawyer Journal, Masbar.

The book, Nursing student’s retention, Understanding the process and making a difference by Marianne R. December 13, 2013.

Scheffler RM, Brown TT, Fulton BD, Hinshaw SP, Levine P, and Stone Show in Positive association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder medication.reference: National Institute of Mental Health. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. Febrary 24, 2012. But the study of intelligence is dogged by questions of just how much IQ contributes to an individual’s success and well-being, how genes and environment interact to generate smarts and why the average IQ score rose throughout the world during the twentieth century,” as stated in the article titled What Is Intelligence in Psychology today. Many college students also fail because they are unable to well adjust the way that they think or because they have thinking difficulty. January 28, 2014.

See: Katherine Long in the article titled Community Colleges Work to Lower Failure Rate in Online Courses in Seattle Times, May 4, 2015. “N.D” August, 18, 2012.

Global Cognition in Why Overconfidence Occurs and How to Overcome it: Sieck, W., Merkle, E., & Van Zandt, T. January 28, 2014.

Education-Portal, “75 to 98 Percent of College Students Have Cheated.” Education-Portal.com. 2007 December; 41(6 Suppl 1): S6-13. May 21, 2012.

Ormrod Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall in IQ and School Achievement in education.com, “ND. Ideas and Research You Can Use: VISTAS 2010. He has published many short stories and essays, especially about relationship or love, literature review, education, and politics. Option fixation: A cognitive contributor to overconfidence Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 103 (1), 68-83 DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.11.001. He is the author of Teenage Marriages Are Likely to End Unhappily, Think before You Act, What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Dropout, Many People Get Married for Foolish Reasons, An Essay about the Tell-Tale-Heart and The Black Cat, and many other works.

Kelsey Sheehy, an education reporter at U.S. Box 6775, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Web. “They choose to engage in other activities. BEYOND STUDENT PERCEPTIONS: ISSUES OF INTERACTION, PRESENCE, AND PERFORMANCE IN AN ONLINE COURSE that was conducted by Anthony G. Some students have/aspire to become a physician . 2012.

Michele Heister in the article titled Dropout

Data and Statistics in the 2008-2009 school year data by the Division of Data

Quality in PA or Pennsylvania Department of Education in PIMSPennsylvania Department of Education – Division of Data Quality

333 Market

Street | Harrisburg, PA 17126-0333

Phone: 717.787.2644 | Fax: 717.787.3148 |

TTY: 717.783.8445

Ra-DDQDataCollection@pa.gov | www.education.state.pa.us

Stinebrickner, T., & Stinebrickner, P. 50% said they have had trouble sleeping, 38 % suffered feelings of panic and 14 % had considered self-harming, according to the study. August 22, 2012.

Mann, Dale. <em>Education Research Complete</em>. 65 % of those polled saying Hitting deadlines had led to problems. January 12, 2014.

See: What Challenges Are Boys Facing, and What Opportunities Exist To Address Those Challenges? in Some Facts About Boys and Education in U.S. Letham, Susan. October 25, 2013.

The Real Reasons Children Drop Out of School by Franklin Schargel , Former Teacher, School Counselor and School Administrator

Alcantara, Chris “University of Florida Students Caught Cheating on Computer Science Projects.” Alligator.org. Obesity on Campus by Phillip B Sparling, EdD, Professor of Applied Physiology,Prev Chronic Dis. Tuesday, January 28, 2014.

“The bulk of attrition comes in engineering and among pre-med majors, who typically leave STEM fields if their hopes for medical school fade. November 11. Feb. Underage drinking and sexual assaults By Richard P. “ND” October 17, 2013.

Mohamad Sabir. Federal Trade Commission in the article titled Dangers of Teen Drinking.

Nayland S. Springer publishing company. 2007 July; 4(3): A72. Students also need to care about themselves and their education by setting expectations and achievable goals for themselves. We can try to help students with college costs. 17 Oct.2011.</em> Leonhardt,

Dr. Massachusetts Department of Education. Harrison Jr., Best-Selling Parenting Author, shows in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop Out of College, “Boylan supports King’s (2004) assumptions by stating that ‘students fail to do well in college for a variety of reasons and only one of them is lack of academic preparedness.’”

Rocheleau, Matt. 8, 2014.

See: I Thought I Got an A! Overconfidence across the Economics Curriculum by Clifford Nowell and Richard M. August 21, 2012.

Why Students Drink by the University of Minnesota

See. The correlation of SAT combined performance and fluid intelligence is close to 0.40 for both SAT combined and GPA. 22. C.

Lynn O’Shaughnessy, 25 Universities With the Worst Graduation Rates, February 2, 2011, CBSNEWS from the federal education database known as IPEDS . However, academic unpreparedness among college students can face them to troubles, which can cause them or society financial deficits. 1997 November 11. “Academically Underprepared Students” by Marsha A. Those who do care seek help and ask questions when needed. September 3, 2015.

Dr. 2004. Aug 1, 2010. “N.P” “n.d.” Monday. “This study, conducted in 2001, involved 87 students, across four schools. Reference that Dr. Additionally, as a matter of fact, those scientists have been substantiated or found why the average score of the test is 100 by using the standardization process. 17, 2012.

See. 20.

David R. A study from 1999 suggests that information becomes ‘cemented’ in our brains as we sleep.” We can also economically help them or take more time to motivate them or to talk to them by making them realize how education is valuable. 15 Oct. June 28, 2014.

BookRags, Most Common Bad Study Habits. O’ROURKE. October 15, 2013.

The Benefits of Smaller Classes by Leonie Haimson, Executive Director, Class Size Matters, June 2010; available at www.classsizematters.org/benefits, Feb. He shows that “more recently, scientist dissatisfied with the traditional idea of a single intelligence have postulated alternate theories of ‘multiple intelligences’ – that is, intelligence is the result of several independent abilities which combine to contribute to the total performance of an individual.” Cohen talks about Howard Gardner’s theory and Robert Sternberg’s theory. “N.P” Feb. They have to work in order to provide or to support themselves; as a result, it is often hard for them to work and to study at the same time. Alcohol and Mental Health by Institute of Alchol Studies, IAS Factsheet.

See. “The results have shown that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. 30.

Margarita Tartakovsky, M.S. 9. Oct. 10, 2013.

William Buskist and Christopher Howard. December 31, 2013.

Texas College Rejects Nigerian Applicants, Cites Ebola Cases by Dan Mangan, October 14, 2014. Aug. “The dropouts in the study of Amy M. Feb. Best-Selling Parenting Author in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop out of College. 02/20/2014.http://www.huffingtonpost.com/uloop/cheating-in-college-where_b_4826136.html.

Jason Caravaggio in Effects of Overcrowded Classrooms, education space. 9, 2015. Feichtinger at Pacific University at the School of Professional Psychology, “Lack of cognitive flexibility leads to dysfunctional problem solving actions that violate others’ rights.”

Feichtinger, Deborah M. “Studies have shown that teens whose parents talk to them about alcohol and drugs are 42% less likely to use those substances than teens whose parents don’t discuss the issue with them” (Effects of Teenage Drinking in learn-about-alcoholism.com). S. Azzam. Experience shows that these additional eligibility requirements still leave about half of incoming freshmen under-prepared for college,” according to the article titled Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher education.org.

National Institute of Mental of Health. Wood, and Robert A. “In California, for example, tuition and fees increased 91% at California State University and 74% at the University of California from 2006, according to a recent report by the nonprofit California Budget Project. 06. “The Complexity of the Relation between Fear of Failure and Procrastination,” Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. “Schools Coping With Students Unprepared for College” by Didi Tang In News-Leader. Health And Human Health Library. Race seems to be a factor in the problem. Like Gardener, he also believes that traditional intelligence tests only focus one aspect – analytical – and does not address the necessary balance from the other two aspects.” Chohen goes on to indicate that there is another type of intelligence, but it is not a main one but is alternative because the two paramount ones are multiple intelligence and single intelligence. 24. However, inadequate sleep or sleep deprivation is a reason of poor academic performance or negatively impacts their academic performance. List came from RateMyProfessor data gathered by the Center for College Affordability and Productivity. Remez Sasson,

Author and Founder of SuccessConsciousness.com. Outpost. February 05, 2014.

Jeremy Olson in Bad habits can mean bad grades, University of Minnesota study. Source: LaBahn, J. Volume 25–July 1997. “Fifty three percent of recent college grads are jobless or underemployed, and forty five percent are still living with their parents. “ND” August 20, 2012.

Philip Zimbardo :The demise of guys (2011)(JANE72427 in Youtube) :

J. F. Published online 2012 July 15. “Intelligence is a person’s capacity to acquire knowledge (i.e. February 7, 2014.

Students at Dorchester school are all college bound Cristo Rey school builds on success By James Sullivan | Globe Correspondent May 08, 2014. Feb. December 31, 2013.

Doris M. Womble of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte in IMPACT OF STRESS FACTORS ON COLLEGE STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. Also, research shows that when schools make an effort to support pregnant girls in their education, they can have a significant impact in lowering their drop-out rates,” according to Linda Mangel, Education Equity Director, in her article titled Teen Pregnancy, Discrimination, and the Dropout Rate in ACLU. 2012 August; 12(3): 269-272. The plan will identify ‘colleges that do the most to help students from disadvantaged backgrounds as well as identify colleges that are improving their performance,’ according to a release from the White House.” Parents of first generation college students have to try to be more supportive to their children. 3/12/2014.

What is Intelligence in Psychology Today.”N.D” 06, 17, 2014.

See. May.16, 2012.

Farooqi, Saif. Friday. 28, 2014. November 27, 2013.

See: 11 Facts About Education and Poverty in America in Dosomething, “N.D”, November 12, 2013.

See: Oona Goodin-Smith, Oakland University and Daniel Rader, Ohio University of the article titled Students Break the Bank to Buy Their Books.

See. http://www.ohiolegalservices.org/public/legal_problem/students-schools/discipline-suspension-or-expulsion/qandact_view

Barzegar, Majid .The Relationship between Goal Orientation and Academic Achievement- The Mediation Role of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies- A Path Analysis International Conference on Management, Humanity and Economics (ICMHE’2012) August 11-12, 2012 Phuket (Thailand). In addition to the problems that computer or internet addiction causes that have been stated above, Emre Balkan Cyprus and Dr. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. 16 Oct. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: FINDINGS FROM THE 1999 LIFESTYLES SURVEY by Patricia M. Daniel T. A study consisted of 610 Schools. Maryellen Weimer uses about the study that is analyzed in his article : Ackerman, D. Ponzetti, Jr. “n.d.” May 21, 2012.

Why Science Majors Change Their Minds (It’s Just So Darn Hard) by CHRISTOPHER DREW in The New York Times, Published: November 4, 2011. 3. Each point in this imaginary case is an individual’s scores on IQ and SAT combined. 19. Why urban parents resist involvement in their children’s elementary education [61 paragraphs]. 19 July 2012.

Study Says College Students Addicted to Technology, Oct. “College Students Do Not Have Good Eating Habits” by Palmira in Agencia De Noticiasum. My instructor made me to it: Task characteristics of procrastination. As Robert Morse and Diane Tolis show in the article titled Measuring Colleges’ Success Graduating Higher-Income Students , an analysis shows graduation rates of higher-income students compared with the entire student body in U.S News & World Report, “Measuring the success of college students at lower income levels is one key goal of the president’s proposed new college ratings system, to be developed by the U.S. C. 2012.

Juutinen, Sanna & Saariluoma, Pertti. Health and Learning Project. August 06, 2014.


See: Amy Sterling Casil in What Percentage of College Students Fail Their First Semester? Resources: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Education at a Glance 2012. “N.D” December 07, 2013.

Jeff Grabmeier in College students say prescription stimulants easy to find on campus. “Unplanned Pregnancy and Community Colleges.” NOVEMBER 2009. November 25, 2013.

The Relationship of Fear of Negative Evaluation and Perfectionism in College Students by Wayne Stephan, Amber Stephan, & Rosealee Palmer of Huntington University.


Best Practice Guide Managing underperformance by Fair Work Ombudsman, 2009, Australien government.

Rachel Pancare shows in Effects of Tardiness on Your Child’s Education in Global Post, December 16, 2013.

See: The Link between Suspension and Dropout in edutopia

“The student may also engage in competing behaviors, display rigidity in thoughts and actions, show a strong desire to control the environment, engage in repetitive/stereotypical behaviors, display inflexible thinking, not learning from past mistakes, not asking for help with a problem, or not asking a peer or adult for needed materials, continue to engage in an ineffective behavior rather than thinking of alternatives, or be unable to focus on group goals when he is a member of the group,” according to the article titled Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues.

How to Avoid Burnout in College by Linda Emma in Global Post, “N.D.” Feb 07, 2014.

A study titled Academic Burnout Among Students at Faculty of Organizational Sciences by Management Journal for Theory and Practice Management that was conducted by Ana Nikodijevi?, Jelena An?elkovi? Labrovi?, Aleksandar ?okovi? at the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Organizational Sciences. 17 2011

The Real Reason New College Grads Can’t Get Hired By Martha C. Tue. “Girls who leave due to pregnancy report that they would have stayed in school if they had received greater support from the adults at school. Oct. A normative goal is relative to the attainments of others, such as being the first one in class to finish an assignment.” Students do not have cognitive flexibility, or they spend less time studying due to the mentality that they understand the quantity of work required because they think that college is like high school as Dr. 1, pp. November 10, 2013.

Shepherd Hoodwin from Michael On Modes in The Perseverance Mode in michaelteachings.com. 23 July 2012.

See: PBS NewsHour: Why Students Who Underperform Drop out of School: http://americangraduate.ninenet.org/learn/83-pbs-newshour-amgradweek.html

See: The Correlation between General Self-Confidence and Academic Achievement in the Oral Presentation Course by Safaa Mohammad Al-Hebaish , Department of Curricula and Teaching Methods, Faculty of education, Taibah University, P.O. “Loneliness and Depression Levels of Students Us?ng a University Counseling Center,” Education and Science. He mentions, “One alternate type of intelligence often mentioned in popular media is ‘emotional intelligence’, developed by Daniel Goleman and several other researchers. This process is accomplished by administering the test to a representative sample and using these scores to establish standards, usually referred to as norms, by which all individual scores can be compared. “N.D” October 13, 2013.

University counseling service & students & staffs counselling by University of Cambridge in Procrastination.

Kanere. January 5, 2013.

See. Apr. Family Relations , Vol. Students also drop out because they see that college is a waste of time. “N.D” January 8, 2014. ‘And it’s crucial for school leaders and policy makers to be realistic about how much work we need to do to help parents participate more fully in their children’s education.’” In addition to parental involvement, many students have to stop cheating. Sep 10 2015. As it is explained by the scientists, “Psychometritians utilize a process known as standardization in order to make it possible to compare and interpret the meaning of IQ scores. Web. Jan. 2012.

Postman, Joel. ‘Tuition has increased particularly at public institutions’” (Rivera). Department of Health and Human Services,Fact Sheet: Education

See: WILL OKUN, a Chicago school teacher who traveled with Nick Krist of in June to central Africa, on the win-a-trip contest, in the article titled “Parents Who Don’t Parent”, which has published at Nytimes.com, June 23, 2008. 15. Since cultural ideas may influence the prevalence of cheating, the best long-term solution may be to take a societal approach.

Why Hispanic Students Drop Out of High School Early: Data from North Carolina by Elizabeth J. 09, 2013.

Weade, Barbara L, “School and Work Tardiness in High School Students in Rural Wisconsin.” May 2004. September 2, 2009 by Peter Gray in Freedom to Learn. He indicates, “Researchers asked about the aspects of intelligence felt that factors like problem-solving ability, mental speed, general knowledge, creativity, abstract thinking, and memory all played important roles in the measure and standard of intelligence. October16, 2013.

Psychology.wikia.com in Testwiseness: http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Testwiseness, “N.D”. Dipboye, Amanda Peek Phillips

See. News, covering high schools and college financing, 10 Colleges Where Grads Have the Most Student Loan Debt, December 17, 2013. November 14, 2013.

Engle, Jennifer. V2, N6 2002. Students with higher IQ scores do better on standardized achievement tests, have higher school grades, and complete more years of education.”Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson show in their study: “While the link between crystallized intelligence and SAT combined scores is obviously very striking, crystallized intelligence is not significantly linked to GPA. “N.p.” December 9, 2009. How to Survive the Third Year of Medical School: Common Pitfalls by Apollo aka L.Y. 19. 2007 July; 4(3): A72. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: FINDINGS FROM THE 1999 LIFESTYLES SURVEY by Patricia M. 2011. “Many students or graduated students do not know how to sift fact from opinion or make a clear written argument or objectively review conflicting reports of a situation or event, according to New York University sociologist Richard Arum, lead author of the study.” According to the article titled Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Failed by Wayne State University, in college, it requires more than memorizing. November 14, 2013.

Works cited

Whitmore School of Business and Economics and University of New Hampshire. OFF-TASK / INATTENTION,” “N.d” August. Vol. “Helping Failing Students

Part 2: Understanding, Reaching, and Helping Passively Failing Students” January 2012. December 6, 2013.

i, Khanh Van T. In addition to that , Tori Walston reported that she drop out of school in the article titled DISCUSS: How Do We Best Prevent Dropouts due to being undisciplined. August 21, 2012.

Caveon, “Cheating Statistics.” Caveon.com. We can try to help the students who get addicted to Internet or computer. Achieve. August, 26 2012.

See. in What Parents Need to Know About Dyslexia (Reading Disability) in American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus: http://www.aapos.org/resources/learning_disabilities_/ Feb. Cognitive Flexibility In A Forensic Population (Doctoral dissertation, Pacific University). Most agree that intelligence is an umbrella term which covers a variety of related mental abilities.”

Ashburn, Elyse. Secondly, in all the school listed above, they asked the instructors to rank their students according to how they knew their students were intelligent and how they performed in their classes. 22. “College Students Don’t Study as Much as They Should,” Good Education News. March 12, 2014. January 5, 2014.


Dr. Hartford Education…..http://www.courant.com/education/hc-connecticut-obama-community-college-proposal-20150111-story.html.

DUTT, ADHIRAJ. But only 5 percent of black men and Latinos attending community colleges earn degrees or certificates within three years, compared with 32 percent of white men.”

See. 15. For reading, the corresponding percentages are 16, 29, and 54. October 19, 2013.

L. 68 percent of teen alcohol-related deaths actually due to factors other than drunk driving, MADD reports by Amanda Woerner in Fox News.

See. August 30th, 2011. “N.D” June 17, 2014.

See. 17, 2010. July 21. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission). Fall 2005. “n.d” May. “N.D” January 07, 2013.

Cyrus R. August 21, 2012.

Moss, Erica. “N.D” January 1, 2015.

Patricia M. They analyzed the results in a covariant manner. March 10, 2014. 15. For example, “The National Math and Science Initiative’s College Readiness Program offers students the opportunity to take college-level curriculum and earn college credit. Feb. “Weckmann offered a list of factors that can help increase resilience to depression: having a good social support network from friends, family and church, having regular exercise and a healthful diet, limiting the use of drugs and alcohol or not using at all, having a sense of purpose or helping others through volunteer work or caring for a pet, and maintaining treatment, such as therapy, meditation, medications and lifestyle changes” (Moustafa and Linh Ta). Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. Mar. July 7, 2010. This kind of relationship is shown on the right plot below” … Web. UDC: 159.944.4.072-057.875(497.11)”2011/2012″ DOI: 10.7595/management.fon.2012.0019.October 30, 2013.

College Students Lack Critical Thinking Skills, But Who’s To Blame? Tuesday, January 18, 2011. “Intelligence tests are one of the most popular types of psychological tests in use today. 2012.

“Why Don’t Students Like School?” Well, Duhhhh… He was Medical Case Manager at FoundCare’s and Recreation Leader, Child Care Provider, at Boca Raton Community Middle School. July 21. African-American students in the program were 69% more likely to graduate from a four-year college than African-Americans not participating in the program. http://www.laweekly.com/informer/2014/03/12/more-students-are-choosing-colleges-by-price-ucla-says.


Roldens Paulynice was born in December 24, 1990 in Gonaives, Haiti. The Texas center’s report includes some of his findings and strategies for helping minority men succeed in college.” We can also help low-income students. Writing Research Papers. Students have more responsibilities. 17, 2010. Oct. . ” The Consequences of Cheating for Students.” Ehow.com. EBSCO. Mond. 2011.

See. The Fragile Teenage Brain by Jonah Lehrer in Grantland.

US NEWS, Freshman Retention Rate, National Universities from fall 2008 to fall 2011. Feb. The results are particularly notable for minority students. Campbell in Global Post, America’s World New Site. 8, 2012. 14, 2013.

See. Azzam identified five major reasons for leaving school. Also, we can infer from this study that schools where students have a better IQ score have better academic performance than those where students have lesser IQ scores, or schools where students have better IQ scores do not have but mostly have better general behavior rate than those where students do not have a better academic performance. June 17, 2011. According to Katherine Mangan in a report released by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here, “Admissions counselors and professors should focus on students’ assets, not their deficits, said Shaun R. They found that many students who majored in math, physics, and chemistry drop out in their disciplines. “Cognitive flexibility is defined as the ability to generate and shift response based on the changing demands of different situations,” according to the article titled The Role of Affective Flexibility and Cognitive Flexibility in Effective Antecedent-Focused and Online Reappraisal by Ashley M. 2011.

Mollman, Sarah. and Gross, B. Thus, this study confirms the effectiveness of communication skills in increasing emotional intelligence and life satisfaction” (Ghorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, and Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzaneh).

Ernest W. “Kevin Eagan, interim director of UCLA’s Cooperative Institutional Research Program says: The difficult financial decisions that students and their families have to make about college are becoming more evident. “AC 2012-4382: FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENT FRUSTRATION LEVEL IN INTRODUCTORY LABORATORY EXPERIENCES.” Sept 20, 2012.

Linda Mangel, Education Equity Director, in her article titled Teen Pregnancy, Discrimination, and the Dropout Rate in ACLU, Oct 25, 2010. “n.p.” Feb. Faculty and academic managers need to think of creative ways to do this in our virtual learning environments. Harper, an associate professor and executive director of the Center for the Study of Race and Equity in Education at the University of Pennsylvania, who has led studies on black male achievement. August 21, 2012.

Intelligence has a relation with cognitive flexibility. ” Lack of discipline, discouragement, perfectionism or fear of negative evaluation, burnout, violence, obesity, discrimination, loneliness, overconfidence, thinking problem, or college cost causes them troubles. Goldberg, who retired last year as an engineering professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is now an education consultant,” according to CHRISTOPHER DREW in the article titled Why Science Majors Change Their Minds (It’s Just So Darn Hard) in The New York times.

Brigham Young University, Center for Teaching & Learning, states, Helping Students Take Responsibility for Learning: http://ctl.byu.edu/teaching-tips/helping-students-take-responsibility-learning, “N.D” Feb. Handler, M.D. Legislators have to stand up. Oct 10, 2014. 8, 2014.

Christian Haro, “Managing Your Time,” November 16, 2008. March 8, 2014.

David L. September 2, 2009 by Peter Gray in Freedom to Learn. He says that “Robert Sternberg, proposes that there are 3 fundamental aspects to intelligence: analytical, practical, and creative. 2012. According to Richard Millsap in his article titled Why Do Some Students Succeed And Others Fail to Achieve Desired Class Grades, And Academic Goals & Objectives, students fail sometimes because they are not that much intelligent or are undisciplined. October 14, 2013.

Update On Binge Drinking Among College Students: From Bad To Worse by Robert Glatter, MD. Center for Child and Family Policy , Duke University , Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy. We can help them. Effects and Consequences of Underage Drinking by Melodee Hanes, Acting Administrator in U.S. Sara A. Stine brickner of the University of Western Ontario interviewed 655 students during many semesters. Meyers, MD in WebMD Feature. Cherif, Gerald E. Ahmet Adal?er Cyprus show in the article titled THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNET ADDICTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS, “Students dropout from school to spend time on computers.” Some students are the first persons from their families to attend college. This is a challenge for online students and environments. 2012. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. “<em>Poll: Money Problems Reason College Students Might Drop out</em>.” <em>boston.cbslocal.com.</em> ” N.p” April 20, 2011. October 25, 2013.

15 Reasons Why You Should Drop Out Of College By Michael Tunney, October 21, 2013. 15. On-campus counseling centers are one resource, but students may also consult friends, family and personal physicians for hints on how to handle stress.” Help them find a way to deal with discouragement, obesity, thinking problem, health problems, perfectionism or fear of negative evaluation, lack of cognitive flexibility, language barrier, or laziness. Students have to set goal. By the way, as the dropouts have been mentioned many reasons in Army’s study, who are they? As Michele Heister shows in the article titled Dropout Data and Statistics in the 2008-2009 school year data by the Division of Data Quality in PA or Pennsylvania Department of Education in PIMS, “A drop out is a student who, for any reason other than death, leaves school before graduation without transferring to another school/institution.” Many students or dropouts do not do their assignment or their homework or do not practice their homework due to cheating or copying, which can cause them the same troubles that lack of personal standard can also cause them , procrastinate or are married, or have trouble paying attention in class due to excessive texting, so they often fail. 08, 2014.

RAMPELL , CATHERINE: Many With New College Degree Find the Job Market Humbling, May 18, 2011 in The New York times. 2012.

Jason Kane. Alston, Clifford Nowell and Richard M. A surve

See. Johnson in The Graduate School of University of Wisconsin-Stout Menomonie, WI in May2011. Sara Rimm-Kaufman in her article titled Improving Students’ Relationships with Teachers to Provide Essential Supports for Learning, Positive relationships can also help a student develop socially In Amercian Psychological Association. Sept 20, 2012.

Ohio legal services Students & Schools : School Discipline – Suspension and Expulsion, “ND” December 30, 2013. Mar. “Why do Students Drop Out of College?” Feb. 2011. May. “Short Term Effects of Bad Eating Habits” by August McLaughlin, Demand Media. October 15, 2013.. How can students assume responsibility? According to Jamestown Community College, JCC, State University of New York, in Student Responsibility Statement that was endorsed by the faculty in September 2008 and by Student Senate in October 2008, “Students assume responsibility when they take an active role in their learning by recognizing they are accountable for their academic success. Smydo, Joe. At some point in your life, you’ll have to learn to become self-reliant to survive in an environment like that”(Tunney).

DiLallo, Emma, “Students Go to College But Not Go to Class.” Blogpost.com. Reframing school dropout as a public health issue. Students can also involve in activities that can help them combating with depression. 8, 2014.


Therresa Worthington in College Students Have Financial Aid Options in thespectrum.June 26, 2014. Many students do not even have the book to study. ” June 17, 2014.

Dwyer, Liz. Mines in Critical Thinking Among College and Graduate Students ,The Review of Higher Education Winter 1990, Volume 13 No. “N.p” Mar. http://nextshark.com/15-reasons-why-you-should-drop-out-of-college/

See: Richard J. News, covering graduate schools, 10 Colleges Where Graduates Have a Low Average Debt Load, December 10, 2013. Harrison Jr.Best-Selling Parenting Author http://www.kidsinthehouse.com/video/what-causes-students-fail-or-drop-out-college

See. “Action on Dropout” “N.D” Sept. Web. Not only this study shows that correlation, but other experts also conceivably show that correlation in the study titled Sub-threshold Autism Traits: The role of Trait Emotional Intelligence And Cognitive Flexibility. 09/29/2014. 18, 2012.

See: Sandra Lilley in the article titled New Report Looks at Nation’s Undocumented College Students.

Ashburn, Elyse.<em>THE CHRONICLE of Higher Education</em>.. This is not a good reason to drop out. 3 March 2014. According to UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN in the article titled Loneliness, “Students can deal with loneliness by becoming too quickly and deeply involved with people and activities without evaluating the consequences of their involvement. ” Postsecondary Access And Success for First-Generation College Students.” Aft.org. “High School Dropouts: A Review of Issues and Evidence,”Review of Educational Research Summer 1987, Vol. As it is stated, “The present research first investigated the relationship of autism traits with trait emotional intelligence and empathy in a sample of 163 adults aged between 18 and 51 years (44% male). 10, 2013. Students have to comunicate with their instructors when they struggle; their professors can understand them because “they are people” as Nicole Eisenberg shows on College Magazines. <em>homeworktips.about.com. Mental illness on college campuses has regained national attention after a University of Pennsylvania freshman committed suicide in January after struggling with the stress of classes and playing a varsity sport, her father told reporters,” according to Hayley Fowler in the article titled College Students Face Mental Health Issues Nationwide.

Panasci , Lucia. As a result, it is possibly hard to measure intelligence in general in an exclusive way. 17 Oct. Hispanic students were 83% more likely to graduate,” according to Sara Martinez Tucker. “In some cases, the particular way a professor grades can impact a student. Oct. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. As the University of Florida, CWC, Counselling & Wellness Center states in the article titled Stress and College Students, “There are four primary sources of stress: the environment- examples include noise, pollution, traffic and crowding, and the weather, physiological – examples include illness, injuries, hormonal fluctuations, and inadequate sleep or nutrition, thoughts – examples include the way students think affects how they respond, negative self-talk, catastrophizing, and perfectionism all contribute to increased stress, and social Stressors – examples include financial problems, work demands, social events, and losing a loved one. Vedder hopes that this will ‘eliminate some of the unnecessary graduation requirements that serve as a barrier to graduation.’ With the proper incentives in place, meaning a performance-based funding model, we would not see these barriers to mobility, and fewer students would be closed out of classes.’” Students have to involve in social activities, and faculties or staff members have to try to create those activities in the academic environment. October 14, 2013.

See: The article titled The Role of Comprehensive School Health Education Programs in the Link between Health in Academic Performance: A literature review in the Health of Learning Project. 2011

COLLEGE STUDENTS. Brody, 1997; Gustafsson&Undheim, 1996; Sattler, 2001). In addition to that, lack of sleep is negatively affecting many students’ learning capabilities. 25. In the near future, he wants to become a CPA. ” Students With depression likely to dropout of college.” Healthnewstrack.com. 19. Allyson Todd, dean of academic affairs at the Community College of Allegheny County, told the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that some students come to college unprepared for the amount of work required,” as stated in the article titled What Percentage of College Students Fail Their First Semester by Amy Sterling Casil.

Constitutional Rights Foundation, Causes of School Violence, http://www.crf-usa.org/school-violence/causes-of-school-violence.html. For example, as stated in the free dictionary, “Intelligence discipline is a well-defined area of intelligence collection, processing, exploitation, and reporting using a specific category of technical or human resources. HACKER , College costs rising more rapidly for poorer students, analysis shows, idahostatesman, Nation/World News. May, 21. To differentiate yourself you have to learn in demand skills-a credential isn’t going to get you very far anymore” (Tunney). . 2006 Dec;13(6):1043-8. Why Some College Athletes Do Not Succeed by Dave Galehouse in varsityedge.com. January 28, 2014.

Time Management for College Students by VGCC “N.D” December 10, 2013.

Richard D. 2012.

See Young, Scoot H in “Dealing with Frustration”http://www.scotthyoung.com/blog/2006/06/10/dealing-with-frustration/

What Is the Average IQ By Kendra Cherry in PsychologyToday.”N.D” 06, 17, 2014.

Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues in myaspergerschild.com, “N.D” January 13, 2014.


Intelligence and cognitive flexibility: fluid intelligence correlates with feature “unbinding” across perception and action by Colzato LS1, van Wouwe NC, Lavender TJ, Hommel B. George BoereeShippensburg University by Copyright 2003, C. Williams and S. November 10, 2013.

SciEduDes in Why Don’t Students Ask Questions? “N.D” December 8, 2013.

JON MARCUS AND HOLLY K. April 2, 2009. Many college graduates cannot find college level jobs. 74% experience feelings of mental distress once a month or more, and 1/3 suffered mental distress every week.” In the article titled The Role of Comprehensive School Health Education Programs in the Link between Health in Academic Performance: A literature review in the Health of Learning Project, the author indicates that the American School Health Association and the United States Department of Health and Human Services shows in 1998 that health problems can cause students to have trouble learning and concentrating in school; many studies demonstrate that health problems cause students to engage in risky activities, causing them to have memory problems or to pay attention little or not pay attention in class(1). 2012. Learn. If we all do that, it is conceivable or possible that there will be a decrease in college dropout and failure rates.”A lot of people think college is hard and then think about quitting and doing something else because they do not think they can cut it. According to the Theses, Dissertations, and Capstone Projects titled Cognitive Flexibility In A Forensic Population by Deborah M. Students need to be motivated to want to learn and work hard at it to make faster gains and learn better than those who are bright but less motivated (Blue 2012). 36, No 160. XIII International Symposium SymOrg 2012, 05 – 09 June 2012, Zlatibor, Serbia. “N.p” Feb. The World Largest Network of Learning Disabilities and ADHD. 60-65, January 2012 © 2012 ACADEMY PUBLISHER Manufactured in Finland. According to JUSTIN KASTORY in his article titled The SOLUTIONS TO ACADEMIC PROBLEMS IN COLLEGE, “In college, the amount of homework to do is higher. There are different types of intelligence. Sept 20, 2012.

Go College , “Top 11 Reasons Why Students Drop out of College,” Friday, Nov. in Depressive Symptoms and Romantic Relationship Qualities from Adolescence through Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Examination of Influences in the National Institute of Health Public Access Policy. October 17, 2015: https://news.osu.edu/news/2015/10/16/prescription-drugs/.

Thames, Jen. Mohsen Haghbin , Adam McCaffrey, and Timothy A. Consequences of Abusive College Drinking.

As a matter of fact, students can face troubles if they lack cognitive flexibility. As a result, most of those students have trouble staying awake in class. 05/09/2013, October 8, 2013. How Cultural Differences May Affect Student Performance by Karen McGee, M.A.

See. Jaffe and Professor Drew Nelson , “Academic Cheating Fact Sheet” in stanford.edu

IQ Predicts Academic Achievement: http://www.highiqpro.com/iq-academic-success/iq-predicts-academic-achievement. (2005). November 17, 2013.

Khadeeja Safdar, Math, Science Popular Until Students Realize They’re Hard in Real time Economics, July 8, 2013. January 28, 2014.

Quentin Fottrell, This Is the Biggest Challenge Facing First-year College Students. 2011, Vol. August, 18, 2012.

See: The Causes of Poverty (15): Gender Discrimination in filipspagnoli.wordpress, October 20, 2013.

“Data strongly suggest that if you can improve your fluid intelligence by40% or more, the effect will translate directly into higher SAT scores,” according to Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson.

“Dr. European Journal of Open, Distance & E-learning. Low-income students six times more likely to drop out of high school By Khara Sikhan, april 10, 2013. ” A new Retention Variable: Hope and First Generation College Students.” Article 11. Most of them do not sleep adequately. 2012

5 reasons why students cheat in school by Jayme Gillen in examiner, Life Education & Schools General Education, November 22, 2012. October 17, 2013.

Kyle Chayka , Congratulations! Science Confirms That Post-Breakup Revenge Sex Is a Real Phenomenon, Time New Feed, Jan. Mines mention, “Recent national reports on the quality of post-secondary education in the United States have affirmed the centrality of teaching critical thinking skills to college students (National Institute of Education 1984; Association of American Colleges 1985; Garrison 1984), yet the empirical evidence documenting progress toward this objective among undergraduate college students is minimal, and among graduate students, is virtually nonexistent”(167-168).

Alex Ondracek in the article titled Bad Sleeping Habits Affect Grades, Ability to Absorb Information in Class , Sep 6, 2012. Web. The premise is that there is no better way to find out than to ask the students directly if something has helped and encouraged them to learn and succeed or held them back and discouraged them from learning (Bain 2004). March 10, 2014.

Cook, Barbara. January 9, 2014.

See. In addition to that, Katherine Mangan shows in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges in The Chronic of Higher Education that “one contributing factor to the pattern: Minority students tend to enter college with weaker academic skills. The few researchers who examined the impact of addiction, mental illness, chronic diseases, or mortality among parents on students’ school achievement suggest it has a substantial effect (33,34),” according to Dr. They used the T test. D., Montreal, QC, “Understanding Learning Disabilities?” LDhope.com. However, it does not have an absolute relationship with student’s behavior in every school but almost or mostly have a relationship with it because the one exception was the non-government school in a high SES area. Alston (e-mail: ralston@weber.edu) are professors of economics at Weber State University. Harrison Jr., Best-Selling Parenting Author, shows in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop out of College by stating that “no matter what students’ grades were in High School, they didn’t to AP or college level courses, they are simply not prepared for the onslaught of homework they will receive in college”. Steven Mintz, ACLU Sues the State of California for Failing to Teach 20,000 Students English ,May 9, 2011. Hurt, Bobby L in the article titled Childhood Obesity Intervention Strategies: How Do Schools Weigh In, a 30 pages research paper that was submitted for a partial fulfillment of the requirements of MS in school counseling with research advisor Dr. October 13, 2013.

Patricia M. December 27, 2013.

See. December 10, 2013.

David L. Student Affairs at Illinois © 2007 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. “Factors Militating Against Effective Teaching,” eHow. Copyright © 2007 Heldref Publications. Another factor dragging down the performance of minority students, according to the report, is the fear of fulfilling a negative stereotype. 2, No. “Bad Eating Habits and Students’ Performance” by Saeed Mubarak in Education Land.

Does intelligence have a relation with behavior, communication, and life satisfaction? As it is stated in the article titled The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Life Satisfaction and Determining their Communication Skill Test Effectiveness, ShohrehGhorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzaneh try to determine how emotional intelligence and life satisfaction and communication skill test effectiveness are correlated. 11 Facts About Teens And Alcohol in Do something.

Lastly, not at all, race seems to be a factor in the problem. October, 13 2013.

Grove, Jack in Students’ mental health problems highlighted in times highereducation.co.uk , 20 May 2013.

See: The dissertation titled FACULTY AND STUDENT OUT-OF-CLASSROOM INTERACTION: STUDENT PERCEPTIONS OF QUALITY OF INTERACTION by Rosalind Veronica Alderman, Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Administration in May 2008. Fabiano, Gary R. 2012.

Dr. For example, some successful schools have added a number of Saturday study sessions taught by a master teacher, time that equates to three extra weeks of class time over the course of the year while providing valuable professional development for teachers.” We have to make students ascertain that doing or practicing homework, attending class, or studying is extremely crucial for academic success. Awakened the Wisdom and Power whiting You. January 28, 2014.

Hall, Celia. Harrison Jr. “N.D” 6/17/ 2014.

See. Iarovici, MD, Medscape Multispecialty in Adolescent ADHD in Advokat CD, Guidry D, Martino L in the article titled Licit and Illicit Use of Medications for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Undergraduate College Students in Journal of the American College of Health and Wilens TE, Adler LA, Adams J, et al in the article titled Misuse and Diversion of Stimulants Prescribed for ADHD: A Systematic Review of the Literature in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol 89 (No. The New York Times, 8 Sept. 2009. In addition to holding a master’s degree in education from Towson University, Walters is also a certified master life coach and is the founder and owner of Spiritual Counseling and Life Coaching LLC., an international mental health counseling company”( classroom.synonym.com) in classroom synonym http://classroom.synonym.com/effects-excessive-absenteeism-schools-3900.html.

See. Sept. Being a writer is something that he has a certain zeal to become in his life, but right now, he is trying, hoping to become a famous one one day. Knowing a person’s IQ with a correlation this strong would strongly predict how they will do on their SATs. We also need to provide adequate training and ongoing mentorship opportunities for teachers and change the collective mindset when it comes to how the learning process works, making coursework more relevant, interactive and engaging. October 13, 2013.

The New Majority US colleges Are Failing Their Biggest Group of Students: Part-timers By Lila Selim, a writer and researcher in New York City, January 29, 2014. Fox Providence. January 13, 2012. May. 16 Oct. 28, 2007. There is no doubt that the main majors are difficult and growing more complex. 2000. 2012.

See. Todd R. “A study by the College Board shows students from poorer families who took more rigorous advanced placement courses in high school had higher four-year college-going rates, first-year grade point averages and retention rates than their counterparts who did not take any AP exams. “Five Misconceptions about Learning Disabilities,” PS News Hours. 25, 2012.

Academic unpreparedness or under-preparedness causes college students troubles. Latinos are in between, and white men report the lowest levels of engagement at almost every level but the most success according to a report released on Wednesday by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas,” as it is stated in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education. They asked them about many elements about their study. December 31, 2013.

See. Vujeva, M.A. Jaffe, MS and Professor Drew Nelson. Paper 344.

See: Timing of first birth and its impact on school attainment among black women in South Africa by Karabo Mhele.

News-Journal Staff. February 16, 2014.

Robert Leamnson , Getting Students to Read, Thinking about Teaching and Learning: Developing Habits of Learning with First Year College and University Students (p. “The Effect of Sleep Deprivation.” Uloop.com. 2012.

Survey: Majority of college students elect not to buy new textbooks by DAVID KRECHEVSKY in REPUBLICAN-AMERICAN, Tuesday, January 28, 2014. December 1, 2010. Feb. “Degree of procrastination linked with lower grades.”The Michigan Daily News. Their parents do not assist them that much, so they often experience a lot of problems. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2009 June 30. Rachel C. King, Phillip K. L. “Students across all races and genders cited many keys to success: building strong personal connections on the campus, being held to high expectations, having instructors who are committed to their achievement, and being intensively engaged in the academic experience, both in and out of the classroom,” according to Katherine Mangan in a report released by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here. “Depression and Anxiety among College Students,” Psych Central. Journal of Education Studies (2005): 97, 96. 2012.

See. George Boeree.

See: “Why Don’t Students Like School?” Well, Duhhhh… 3/04/2014. http://www.alfiekohn.org/teaching/practice.htm

See.The 2009 CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey in In Defense of Schools: It’s a Fact Healthy Students are Successful Students by RMC health. Department of Education and available before the 2015 school year. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014).

See: College Students Can Learn To Drink Less, If Schools Help by Maanvi Singh, January 28, 2014. Another study shows that sleep strengthens memories so they become clear and resistant to interferences and distractions. October 31, 2013.

See. Shragge,

Frustration In Teens by R.A. Its quotient (IQ) is the score you get on an intelligence test. 2012.

See. March. “Overcoming Laziness.” ” N.D” August 21, 2012.

Picking the wrong college major can be an expensive error by Liz Weston Reuters in NBC News Business, Nov. 2011.

See: Tania Jimenez and Ashley Tatem in their article titled The Relationship between being in a Committed Relationship and Academic Performance in College Females.

Megan Slack in the article titled President Obama Explains His Plan to Combat Rising College Costs The white House.gov, August 22, 2013. They classified the schools in the followings ways: a government school in a lower SES area, a non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area, a government school in a higher SES area, and a non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area. The recent study by Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson shows a correlation. George Boeree. “The economist Mark Schneider refers to colleges with such dropout rates as ‘failure factories’, and they are the norm” (Leonhardt). 15. ” N.D” December 07, 2013.

Study Shows Students Taking Online Courses More Likely to Fail by clong & Mary Ellen Flannery in neatoday.org , July 26, 2011. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. March 16, 2012. 54% said worries about exams had causes mental distress while a quarter of students said finding a part-time job had caused them anguish. Students with higher IQ scores do better on standardized achievement tests, have higher school grades, and complete more years of education.” In addition to that, not only can students who are not very or who are less intelligent have lesser grade or come from schools that mostly have lesser general behavior rate, but they can expose to other problems. Students Are Different Now by Linda Bips, a psychologist and an assistant professor at Muhlenberg College and the author of “Parenting College Freshmen: Consulting for Adulthood.” October 11, 2010. Brewer. USA. http://studentaffairs.com/ejournal/Spring_2002/files/CentralFlorida.htm

Intelligence and IQ , Dr. Miller and Coleen Murray , as Harry H. November 27, 2013.

“Prioritization of financial aid and cost over other historical considerations such as academic reputation and graduates’ job prospects has been growing, said Seth Allen, vice president and dean of admissions and financial aid at Pomona. Feb. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. Monday, 15 2012.

Should college students get married? “N.D” January 11, 2014. 30, 2014. Lavoie, MA, M.Ed. The Qualitative Report [On-line serial], 5(3/4). September 28, 2012.

See. “The statistical sample consists of 40 students who had a low score in life satisfaction and emotional intelligence and are randomly involved in a two groups including 20 people of test and control. Faculty managers currently do not serve well in this role; they are all production based. According to the article titled Math, Science Popular Until Students Realize They’re Hard, “In a working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research, researchers Ralph Stine brickner of Berea College and Todd R. Rajasvaran Logeswaran, an experienced educator and Dean at Nilai University, and Sarah Michel, a certified speaking professional (CSB) and a networking expert who helps people increase their network by investing in their network , especially the section titled A Wake up Call for Young People. “Frank Durham, associate professor of journalism and mass communication at the UI, said depression is difficult to spot in the college setting unless a student personally expresses his or her distress to the instructor,” according to Moustafa and Linh Ta.”Alexandra Bushby, 23, also didn’t tell others. October 30, 2013.

Cost, financial aid becoming more important in college choice, Los Angeles Times By Carla Rivera. Remember, you can’t get the time back you spend doing something that’s not worth it.” For a particular type of reason, many college graduates may not find job after graduation. but they do not realize that it is a very difficult and long road academically. 05 Sep 2011. “N.p” June 29. Olsen, University of South Carolina. Taras, Howard, “Poor Sleep, Poor Grade.” Findarticle.com. This means that 68 percent of scores fall within one standard deviation of the mean (that is, between 85 and 115), and 95 percent of scores fall within two standard deviations (between 70 and 130)”(Cherry). January 12, 2014.

The Real Reason New College Grads Can’t Get Hired By Martha C. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

According to the article titled Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues in myaspergerschild.com, a student who lacks cognitive flexibility can experience the followings problems: “difficulty with organizational skills, sequencing, task initiation,incorporating new information with previously acquired information, transitions, task completion, or direction following or difficulty when novel material is presented without visual support.”

Neil Kokemuller, What Causes Students to Fail Courses in College in Global Post, “N.D” November 12, 2013.

Dr. Effects of Sexual Harassment by Women Center in Northwestern.

See: Kansas College Students Taking 6 Years to Graduate by Arianna Cohen, Feb 18, 2014. According to Linda Emma ,”UC Berkeley counseling psychologist Rick Low says that burnout is often about imbalance and that signs of it can include ‘fatigue, anxiety, loss of motivation, withdrawal from people, a sense of powerlessness and the feeling of being overwhelmed.’ However, before students reach real burnout, they’re likely to suffer signs of stress — and that’s when they should get help. 2011.

Taylor, Katy. According to Eric Horowitz, “The Stinebrickners looked at three ways grades can impact dropout: 1) Students want to stay in school but are forced out by their poor performance, 2) poor grades lower expectations about future academic performance and future earnings, and 3) bad grades make school less enjoyable. Improvement in reading, spelling, dyslexia, ADD/ADHD and more. October 13, 2013.

Publicagenda.org in the article titled Parents Want to Be Involved in Children’s Education Yet Don’t Understand Key Factors Affecting Public Education Quality, Survey Shows Few Know What Children Should be Learning or How Schools Function and Rank; Only 50 Percent Want Children to Have More Challenging Courses. “College Students Texting During Class, Students Say Professors Would Be Shocked at the Number of Texts Sent During Class ,”Dec 3 2010 . . EBSCO. Experts say building skills like grit and perseverance will help increase college readiness in the U.S by Celia R. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

See: Understanding Mathematics by Peter Alfeld, Department of Mathematics, university of Utah, Do you ask questions in class? 30-Dec-1997, December 07, 2013.

See. October 15, 2013.

Intervention Central. 14, 2012. Sep 10 2015.

Demolistic, “Top Reasons Students Fail.” “N.D” Aug. They academically perform poorly, which causes them troubles. Results confirm that there is pronounced variation within the general population relating to ASD traits, which reflect similar (though less severe) social-cognitive and emotional features to those observed in ASDs” (ElifGökçen, Konstantinos V. January 11, 2014.

Why Do Foundation Year Students Fail to Attend Their Classes? © 2007 Manchester Metropolitan University , January 25, 2014: http://www.celt.mmu.ac.uk/ltia/issue14/hughes.php.

See. What faculties say.”Faculty members perceive that the three main root-cause factors for students failing are (1) student-related factors, which were mentioned 415 times, or 68 percent of the responses; (2) life and socioeconomic issues, which were mentioned 70 times, or 12 percent of the responses; and (3) failures of the educational system, which were mentioned 125 times or 20 percent of the responses” (Abour H. 15. 17, 2012.

Connie Cass, Poll: College students get hard lessons in finance (USATODAY.com, 2011). Oct. Help minority students.”Instead of offering small, ’boutique’ programs for minority students that attract just a few dozen students, Ms. Their teachers are better trained and have more resources in the classroom. Based on a series of tests which assess various types of abilities, such a mathematical, spatial, verbal, logic, and memory, the results from such tests done on a group that is representative of the wider popular shows the classic ‘bell-shape’ distribution, meaning that most people are of average intelligence with a few at the extreme ends of the scale…”(Cohen). Indeed, the performance of participants scoring high on Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices test was less impaired by a mismatch between the stimulus-response relation in the current and the previous trial.” The study substantiates that the more intelligent that someone is is the more flexible that he or she is cognitively. 2008. Wood, and Robert A. December 8, 2013.

“Faculty respondents said students are not aware of the rigors of their chosen discipline. Prev Chronic Dis 2007;4(4). 1966.

See. October 13, 2013.

See. March 8, 2014.

Examiner in Why Poor Time Management Could Be a Huge Enemy in a College Relationship, February 17, 2010. Sept. Approved by: Chair of Committee, Yvonne Lincoln Committee Members, Vicente Lechuga, Christine Stanley, and Radhika Viruru, and Head of Department, Jim Scheurich. They may also involve in over-committed extracurricular activities.” Help students dealing with large classes, relationship issues, fear of failure or frustration, lack of discipline, lack of intelligence, discrimination, low self-esteem, or burnout. “What is at the Root of Poor Primary School Performance?” Volume 1, Issue 4-5 / March-April 2009.

Obesity on Campus by Phillip B Sparling, EdD, Professor of Applied Physiologycorresponding author in ncbi, Public Health Research, Practice, And Policy. Fortunately, it seems to be conceivable that low-income students seem to start receiving help. ” Low self-esteem affects college students, ” The University Star. March 8, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1955391/, Feb. Tori Walston, Former Dropout A first-hand account , April 21st, 2012. December 7, 2013.

See. American Academic-Volume Three. Web. We investigated whether the management of event files, and particularly the speed of updating the binding between the task-relevant stimulus feature and the response, correlates with fluid intelligence. 17 Oct. Cherif, Gerald E. In addition to that, Carla Rivera indicates in the article titled Cost, Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice that “the responses may indicate a ‘disconnect’ between students’ expectations and the drive to integrate more Massive Open Online Courses — or MOOCs — and other online technologies.” They choose hard programs, they are not that much or are not strategically prepared for taking their test in college, or they come from low-income families. This idea can make us realize as stated in the study that “It is clear from the results that IQ showed a correlation with APR “(Imbrosciano & Berlach). December 8, 2013.

See. September 14, 2015: http://nypost.com/2015/09/13/why-do-college-kids-have-so-much-time-to-smoke-pot/.

Why Students Drop Out: Perceptions of Educators, Parents, and Students in SEDL

Phelps, Ben. The report draws heavily on the research of Claude M. Thursday, July 27. For example, “At Cal State Long Beach, the percentage of undergraduates receiving federal Pell grants for low-income students increased to nearly 50% last fall, fall 2013, compared to 36% in 2009. 2006. “The Evolution of Cheating.” TVCCnewsjournal.com. “Meeting the needs of gifted underachievers – individually!” by Smutney, J.

2e Newsletter December, 2004. She went on to show that “pregnancy is the #1 reason girls drop out of school.” Some teachers should assume responsibility and be good. The sleep that you miss when you stay up late to study will cause ‘academic problems’ the following day. and Wyndol Furman, Ph.D. 2013 June 17, 2014.

Many College Students Fear Going Hungry at Some Point: Survey by Robert Preidt in U.S news and world report, Jan. http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/web/Main/Sitewide/Content/FearOfFailure1.htm

Messenger, David. February 26, 2014.

Chris Denhart, a Forbes Staff, The Rise And Fail Of The Five-Year College Degree, July 25, 2013. “LONELINESS: THE ROLE THAT IT PLAYS ON A STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.”Tuesday, May 12, 2009. Education and parental involvement in secondary schools: Problems, solutions, and effects. Miller and Coleen Murray, “The American Association of College and Universities (AAC&U) reports that ‘ 53% of students entering our colleges and universities are academically underprepared, lacking basic skills in at least one of the three basic areas of reading, writing or mathematics’ (Tritelli, 2003).” This statistic seems to demonstrate that most students enter college without some skills, or academic unpreparedness is an issue that exists among college students as Harry H. Learning is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration . February. For the IQ result, they found that the government school in a lower SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 96, the non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 90, the government school in a higher SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 110, and the non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 111. While there are a number of different methods for measuring intelligence, the standard and most widely accepted method is by measuring a person’s ‘intelligence quotient’ or IQ. College Students Journal. Published in final edited form as: J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. “If You Want to Know Why Students Fail, Just Ask Them.” <em>U.S. 2011.


Levine, Judith R. “The survey results also showed that the students who dropped out do so because they found out that their majors required them to do more work than other majors. December 30, 2013.

See: Maastricht University in fear of failure, “ND” November 14, 2013. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning talk in the matter in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014. ‘It is that too many of them have not, for myriad reasons, had the kinds of educational experiences that would effectively maximize those capabilities,’” according to the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education.

Carole Murphy in Use of social media sites linked to lower GPA in statepress, November 30, 2011.December 14, 2013.

Malooly, Ashley M., “The Role of Affective Flexibility and Cognitive Flexibility in Effective Antecedent-Focused and Online Reappraisal” (2012). 91% of the 1,200 students said that they had feelings of mental distress, such as feeling down, stressed or demotivated. Additionally, scientists have tried to find out what is the correlation between IQ and GPA scores and SAT scores. You don’t have to drown yourself in debt for a failing institution if you don’t want to. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014). Oct. He is currently attending Nova Southestern University, pursuing his doctorate in education management leadership, and he is currently holding teaching position with The School District of Palm Beach County. In short, academic success is not governed by a student’s cognitive abilities alone. McKinney, and Kristoffer Rhoads.

Naomi Schaefer Riley in Why do college kids have so much time to smoke pot. 2012.

Cass, Connie. 15. 2011.

Hana M. Oct. “N.p.” “n.d.” “n.pag.” 15 Oct. October 13, 2013.

Susan D. “College Students Eating Habits” by Erika Wilhite in eCorsair.

See: DISCUSS: How Do We Best Prevent Dropouts? In learningmatters.tv. December 10, 2013.

Arsht, McGoldrick, Sims, & Williams in their article. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

Why Do College Students Smoke? , Ressources: Resources http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/preventing-youth-tobacco-use/factsheet.html May16,2013 from http://www.honestcollege.com/college-students-smoke.

Slaboch, Kate. 2011</em>

Adams, Caralee. Obama is giving the task force of administration officials 90 days to come up with recommendations for colleges to prevent and respond to sexual assault, increase public awareness of each school’s track record and enhance coordination among federal agencies to hold schools accountable if they don’t confront the problem”( THE ASSOCIATED PRESS). Mond. “For general behaviour, the teachers were asked to complete a Likert-type ranking for each child in their class” (Imbrosciano & Berlach). Prevalence of Underage Drinking in Johns Hopkins.

Peter Blizard in Causes Student Failure — Why Do Students Fail University Courses. Boston Offers a Plan to Help Colleges Add Dorms, The Boston Globe, October 09, 2014. Low self-esteem, large classes, relationship problems, or laziness is negatively affecting many students. August 20, 2012.


Norwich striker Lafferty charged with betting offence | Reuters

5 to respond to the charge.

LONDON Norwich City and Northern Ireland striker Kyle Lafferty has been charged with a betting offence, the Football Association said on Friday.

“It is alleged that on 20 February 2016, the Norwich City forward placed a bet on the result, progress, conduct or any other aspect of, or occurrence in, a football match or competition in breach of FA Rule E8,” a statement said.

(Reporting by Steve Tongue, editing by Ed Osmond)

“Participants covered by the ban will be prohibited from betting, either directly or indirectly, on any football match or competition that takes place anywhere in the world,” the FA said at the time.

Stricter rules introduced two years ago apply to everyone involved in senior football in England..

Lafferty, who has 54 international caps and played at Euro 2016, has until Aug